Advertisement

Green algae, Cladophora glomerata L.–based natural colorants: dyeing optimization and mordanting for textile processing

  • Riffat Ayesha Mir
  • Shahid Adeel
  • Muhammad Azeem
  • Fatima Batool
  • Ali Ahmad Khan
  • Sadaf Gul
  • Naeem IqbalEmail author
Article

Abstract

Exploration of algal-based natural dye sources, one of the pre-requisites of sustainable and eco-friendly textile processing, had been among the neglected areas of phycological research. The current investigation was carried out to explore the natural dye-yielding potential of a green algal species, Cladophora glomerata, and optimization of conditions for cotton fabrics, as an attempt to provide a cheap alternative of hazardous synthetic chemicals. A number of media were tested to extract the natural colorant from Cladophora along with metal salts as mordants. The results indicated that 2% NaOH was the best medium for natural colorant extraction from Cladophora powder, compared with all other media used in the study. Experiments of dyeing variable optimization showed that dyeing of cotton fabric with Cladophora extract for 45 min at 75 °C produced excellent shades. Four percent NaCl as exhausting agent produced good color shades on Cladophora powder–treated cotton fabric in dyeing medium having pH 9.0. The cotton fabric dyed with Cladophora showed light-green color shade. Different other shades (creamy, yellow, brown, etc.) of Cladophora powder–treated cotton fabric were obtained after mordant application. Among the four chemical mordants, tannic acid produced excellent color depth at given optimum dyeing conditions.

Keywords

Algal natural dye Cotton fabric Chemical mordants Dyeing variables Spectra flash 

Notes

References

  1. Adeel S, Bhatti IA, Kausar A, Osman E (2012) Influence of UV radiations on the extraction and dyeing of cotton fabric with Curcuma longa L. Indian J Fibre Text Res 37:87–90Google Scholar
  2. Adeel S, Gulzar T, Azeem M, Saeed M, Hanif I, Iqbal N (2017) Appraisal of marigold flower based lutein as natural colorant for textile dyeing under the influence of gamma radiations. Radiat Phys Chem 130:35–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adeel S, Zia KM, Abdullah M, Rehman FU, Salman M, Zuber M (2018) Ultrasonic assisted improved extraction and dyeing of mordanted silk fabric using neem bark as source of natural colourant. Nat Prod Res 32:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ajmal M, Adeel S, Azeem M, Zuber M, Akhtar N, Iqbal N (2014) Modulation of pomegranate peel colourant characteristics for textile dyeing using high energy radiations. Ind Crop Prod 58:188–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ali S (2007) Evaluation of cotton dyeing with aqueous extracts of natural dyes from indigenous plants. (PhD Thesis). University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan, pp. 62–63Google Scholar
  6. Ali A, Abid R (2006) Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kützing, as feed supplement to broiler chicks. Int J Biol Biotechnol 3:425–428Google Scholar
  7. Ali S, Hussain T, Nawaz R (2009) Optimization of alkaline extraction of natural dye from Henna leaves and its dyeing on cotton by exhaust method. J Clean Prod 17:61–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ali S, Noor S, Siddiqua UH, Jabeen S, Hussain T (2016) Central composite design approach for optimization of extraction and dyeing conditions of marigold colorant. Nat Prod Chem Res 4:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ashokkumar R, Ramaswamy M (2014) Phytochemical screening by FTIR spectroscopic analysis of leaf extracts of selected Indian medicinal plants. J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 3:395–406Google Scholar
  10. Bhuiyan RMA, Ali A, Islam A, Hannan MA, Fijul KSM, Islam MN (2018) Coloration of polyester fiber with natural dye henna (Lawsonia inermis L.) without using mordant: a new approach towards a cleaner production. Fash Text 5:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Doty K, Haar S, Kim J (2016) Black walnut, Osage orange and eastern red cedar sawmill waste as natural dyes: effect of aluminum mordant on color parameters. Fash Text 3:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. El-Khatib EM, Ali NF, El-Mohamedy RSR (2016) Enhancing dyeing of wool fibers with colorant pigment extracted from green algae. J Chem Pharm Res 8:614–619Google Scholar
  13. Fabrowska J, Leska B, Schroeder G (2015) Freshwater Cladophora glomerata as a new potential cosmetic raw material. Chemik 69:491–497Google Scholar
  14. Fabrowska J, Messyasz B, Szyling J, Walkowiak J, Łęska B (2017) Isolation of chlorophylls and carotenoids from freshwater algae using different extraction methods. Phycol Res 66:52–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fowler S, Giehl A (2016) Technology: ISO 105 B02 is now a fully performance-based test standard. AATCC Rev 16:39–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hussaan M, Iqbal N, Adeel S, Azeem M, Javed MT, Raza A (2017) Microwave-assisted enhancement of milkweed (Calotropis procera L.) leaves as an eco-friendly source of natural colorants for textile. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:5089–5094CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Janarthanan M, Senthil Kumar M (2017) The properties of bioactive substances obtained from seaweeds and their applications in textile industries. J Ind Text 48:361–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jothi D (2008) Extraction of natural dye from African marigold flower (Tagetes erecta) for textile coloration. AUTEX Res J 8:249–253Google Scholar
  19. Kadir MI, Ahmad WW, Ahmad MR, Misnon MI, Ruznan WS, Jabbar HA, Ismail A (2014) Utilization of eco-colourant from green seaweed on textile dyeing. In: Ahmad M, Yahya M (eds) Proceedings of the International Colloquium in Textile Engineering, Fashion, Apparel and Design 2014 (ICTEFAD 2014). Springer, Singapore, pp 79–83Google Scholar
  20. Khan AA, Iqbal N, Adeel S, Azeem M, Batool F, Bhatti IA (2014) Extraction of natural dye from red calico leaves: gamma ray assisted improvements in color strength and fastness properties. Dyes Pigments 103:50–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Khandare R, Govindwar S (2015) Phytoremediation of textile dyes and effluents: current scenario and future prospects. Biotechnol Adv 33:1697–1714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kubelka P, Munk F (1931) Ein Beitrag zur Optik der Farbanstriche. Z Tech Phys (Leipzig) 12:593–601Google Scholar
  23. Kulkarni SS, Bodake UM, Pathade GR (2011) Extraction of natural dyes from chili (Capsicium annum) for textile coloration. Univ J Environ 1:58–63Google Scholar
  24. Marycz K, Michalak I, Kocherova I, Marędziak M, Weiss C (2017) The Cladophora glomerata enriched by biosorption process in Cr (III) improves viability, and reduces oxidative stress and apoptosis in equine metabolic syndrome derived adipose mesenchymal stromal stem cells (ASCs) and their extracellular vesicles (MVs). Mar Drugs 15:385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Moldovan S, Ferrandiz M, Franco E, Mira E, Capablanca L, Bonet M (2017) Printing of cotton with eco-friendly, red algal pigment from Gracilaria sp. IOP Conference Series. Mat Sci Eng 254:192011Google Scholar
  26. Pawar AB, More SP, Adivarekar RV (2018) Dyeing of polyester and nylon with semi-synthetic azo dye by chemical modification of natural source areca nut. Natl Prod Bioprospec 8:23–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schroeder G, Messyasz B, Łęska B, Fabrowska J, Pikosz M, Rybak A (2013) Biomasa alg słodkowodnych surowcem dla przemysłu i rolnictwa. Przemysł Chemiczny 92:1380–1384Google Scholar
  28. Venil C, Wahidin M, Ahmad W (2017) Production of bacterial pigments in low cost medium and formulation of biodegradable ink. Indian J Exp Biol 55:441–447Google Scholar
  29. Yuvarani M, Kubendran D, Aathika AR, Karthik P, Premkumar MP, Karthikeyan V, Sivanesan S (2017) Extraction and characterization of oil from macroalgae Cladophora glomerata. Energy Sources A 39:2133–2139CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riffat Ayesha Mir
    • 1
  • Shahid Adeel
    • 2
  • Muhammad Azeem
    • 1
  • Fatima Batool
    • 1
  • Ali Ahmad Khan
    • 1
  • Sadaf Gul
    • 1
    • 3
  • Naeem Iqbal
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BotanyGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Applied ChemistryGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BotanyUniversity of KarachiKarachiPakistan

Personalised recommendations