Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 3285–3297 | Cite as

Sargassum siliquosum J. Agardh extract as potential material for synthesis of bioplastic film

  • Jia-Yee Lim
  • Siew-Ling Hii
  • Swee-Yong Chee
  • Ching-Lee WongEmail author
8th Asian Pacific Phycological Forum


In this study, alginate extracted from the brown alga Sargassum siliquosum J. Agardh was used as raw material for the synthesis of bioplastic film. Two-level full factorial design (FFD) and augmented central composite design (CCD) were employed in analysing the effects of following parameter toward the physical properties of the film produced: alginate loading, addition of sago starch and sorbitol as well as the concentration of calcium chloride (CaCl2) used during treatment process. Statistical analysis of results indicated that bioplastic film could be produced from S. siliquosum by using a mixture containing 2 g of extracted alginate powder and 15% w/w of sorbitol followed by the treatment with 75% w/w of CaCl2. Model validation proved that the percentage error was below 3.21% in general, indicating the proficiency of the models in predicting an optimised film with the following properties: tensile strength of 33.90 MPa, elongation at break of 3.58%, water vapour permeability of 2.63 × 10−10 g Pa−1 s−1 m−1 and water solubility of 33.73%.


Alginate Bioplastic film Two-level full factorial design Augmented central composite design Optimisation 



The authors would like to acknowledge the following: Ministry of Education Malaysia (ERGS/1/2013/TK04/TAYLORS/02/01), Taylor’s University (TU), Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR) and University College of Technology Sarawak (UCTS/RESEARCH/4/2016/05) for funding and technical support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jia-Yee Lim
    • 1
  • Siew-Ling Hii
    • 2
  • Swee-Yong Chee
    • 3
  • Ching-Lee Wong
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Biosciences, Faculty of Health and Medical SciencesTaylor’s University Lakeside CampusSubang JayaMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Food Technology, School of Engineering and TechnologyUniversity College of Technology SarawakSibuMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Science, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Tunku Abdul RahmanKamparMalaysia

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