Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 3205–3219 | Cite as

Late Holocene climate changes from diatom records in the historical Reservoir Gonggeomji, Korea

  • Hoil Lee
  • Suk Min YunEmail author
  • Jin-Young Lee
  • Sang Deuk Lee
  • Jaesoo Lim
  • Pyo Yun Cho
8th Asian Pacific Phycological Forum


The paleoenvironmental history of the artificial Reservoir Gonggeomji in Sangju City, Korea, was reconstructed using fossil diatom analysis of four sediment cores: GG01, 02, 03, and 04. Accelerator mass spectrometer (AMS) radiocarbon dating results suggest that Reservoir Gonggeomji was maintained from ca. 1350 to 150 cal year BP, and the diatom record in core sediment samples revealed well-defined hydrological changes and paleoenvironmental conditions during this period. The fossil diatom assemblages were predominantly benthic freshwater diatoms. The highest diatom concentrations in all cores were in diatom zone II, in which species richness and diversity were also very high. Cymbella, Eunotia, Gomphonema, Gyrosigma, Navicula, and Pinnularia were the dominant genera in all core sediments. The long-term trend in diatom species abundance and species diversity showed a stronger relationship to temperature anomalies in the northern hemisphere during the past 2000 years with changes in precipitation. These diatom changes could have been controlled by natural climate change, despite anthropogenic activities linked to construction of the dyke in the artificial reservoir.


Paleo-environment AMS radiocarbon dating Diatoms Species richness Climate change 



Core samples were obtained from the Nakdonggang National Institute of Biological Resources (NNIBR) and the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM). This study was supported by a research fund from NNIBR (PR20170002, Research for the Paleoenvironmental Changes based on the Diatom Assemblages from Freshwater Wetland Sediments Vol. I).

Supplementary material

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geo-Environmental Hazards & Quaternary Research CenterKorea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)DaejeonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Protist Resources Research DivisionNakdonggang National Institute of Biological Resources (NN IBR)SangjuRepublic of Korea

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