Comparison study of bioactive substances and nutritional components of brown algae Sargassum fusiforme strains with different vesicle shapes
In this study, variations in the biochemical composition of two Sargassum fusiforme strains (SF-1 and SF-2) with different vesicle shapes collected during harvest period were analyzed. Compared with several other algae, S. fusiforme (commonly known as Hijiki) can be recommended as a nutritious food for its high levels of minerals, polyunsaturated fatty acids, phlorotannins, fucoidan, and alginate. Comparison of the two strains indicated that there were significant differences between the contents and characteristics of some components. The alginate content of SF-1 (15.46–26.30%) was higher than that of SF-2 (14.97–24.40%), while the alginate with highest molecular weight and viscosity was obtained from SF-2 (3.77 × 106 g mol−1, 226.2 mPa s). The content of fucoidan of SF-2 (5.30–11.60%) was higher than that of SF-1 (6.11–7.87%). On the other hand, the phlorotannin content of SF-1 (17.55–48.91 mg g−1) was higher than that of SF-2 (28.28–39.76 mg g−1), and a higher purity of fucoxanthin could be obtained from SF-1 (80.59–92.40%) than that from SF-2 (72.50–84.14%). Analysis of fatty acid composition indicated that EPA and α-linolenic acid were more abundant in SF-1, whereas arachidonic acid was more abundant in SF-2. The highest content of various nutrients existed in different strains and different periods. So, strain and the time of harvest can be selected according to the purpose of utilization.
KeywordsNutritional components Bioactive substances Alginate Fucoidan Phaeophyta Sargassum fusiforme
We especially thank Culture Collection of Seaweed at the Ocean University of China for their help in providing S. fusiforme.
This work was founded by the grant of International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of China (No. 2015DFG32290), the grant of Public Science and Technology Research Funds Projects of Ocean (No. 201405040), and Jiangsu Provincial Key R & D Project (BE2015335).
- Albana C, Natalia AU, Marina EP, Armida DI, Antonio P, Licia T, Nicola T, Galina EM, Albert EB, Maria I, Bilan AIU, Nadezhda EU, Alexey AG, Craig JS, Maeve K, Gabriel AR, Stefano I, Nikolay EN (2007) A comparative study of the anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, antiangiogenic, and antiadhesive activities of nine different fucoidans from brown seaweeds. Glycobiology 17:541–541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chen LM, Li DM, Yushan Z, Naihao Y (2009) Content and gelling properties of alginate from different region of Laminaria. China Food Addit 2:124–142Google Scholar
- Guo F, Xu S, Lin Z (2003) Study on decoloration, purification and structure of sodium alginate from Sargassum fusiforme. J Wuxi Univ Light Ind 22:52–56Google Scholar
- Kang SM, Cha SH, Ko JY, Kang MC, Kim DK, Heo SJ, Kim JS, Heu MS, Kim YT, Jung WK, Jeon YJ (2012) Neuroprotective effects of phlorotannins isolated from a brown alga, Ecklonia cava, against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in murine hippocampal HT22 cells. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 34:96–105PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Landa-Cansigno C, Hernández-Carmona G, Arvizu-Higuera DL, Muñoz-Ochoa M, Hernández-Guerrero CJ (2017) Bimonthly variation in the chemical composition and biological activity of the brown seaweed Eisenia arborea (Laminariales: Ochrophyta) from Bahía Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Mexico. J Appl Phycol 29:2605–2615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Li YJ, Fan JX, Cheng LK, Xu JC, Gao X, Fu XT (2017) Co-extraction and characterization of alginate and fucoidan from two Sargassum fusiforme strains. Sci Technol Food Ind 38:90–95Google Scholar
- Marudhupandi T, Kumar TTA (2013) Antibacterial effect of fucoidan from Sargassum wightii against the chosen human bacterial pathogens. Int J Curr Pharm Res 2:155–158Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China (2013) National food safety standards on maximum levels of contaminants in foods. Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China, BeijingGoogle Scholar
- Nomura M, Kamogawa H, Susanto E, Kawagoe C, Yasui H, Saga N, Hosokawa M, Miyashita K (2013) Seasonal variations of total lipids, fatty acid composition, and fucoxanthin contents of Sargassum horneri (Turner) and Cystoseira hakodatensis (Yendo) from the northern seashore of Japan. J Appl Phycol 25:1159–1169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Noviendri D, Jaswir I, Salleh HM, Taher M, Miyashita K, Ramli N (2011) Fucoxanthin extraction and fatty acid analysis of Sargassum binderi and S. duplicatum. J Med Plant Res 5:2405–2412Google Scholar
- Tanniou A, andanjon L, Incera M, Leon ES, Husa V, Grand JL, Nicolas JL, Poupart N, Kervarec N, Engelen A, Walsh R, Guerard F, Bourgougnon N, Stiger-Pouvreau S (2013) Assessment of the spatial variability of phenolic contents and associated bioactivities in the invasive alga Sargassum muticum sampled along its European range from Norway to Portugal. J Appl Phycol 26:1215–1230Google Scholar
- Terasaki M, Hirose A, Narayan B, Baba Y, Kawagoe C, Yasui H, Saga N, Hosokawa M, Miyashita K (2009) Evaluation of recoverable functional lipid components of several brown seaweeds (Phaeophyta) from Japan with special reference to fucoxanthin and fucosterol contents. J Phycol 45:974–980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wang C, Liu Y, Lin M (2014) Antitumor effect of phlorotannins from Sargassum fusiforme in S180 sarcoma-bearing mice. J Guangdong Med College 32:614–616Google Scholar
- Yang X, Lu H, Li Y, Liu Y (2013) Antioxidative activities of phlorotannins with different molecular weight extracted from Sargassum fusiforme. Mar Sci 37:47–51Google Scholar
- Yin S, Woo H-C, Choi J-H, Park Y-B, Chun B-S (2015) Measurement of antioxidant activities and phenolic and flavonoid contents of the brown seaweed Sargassum horneri: comparison of supercritical CO2 and various solvent extractions. Fish Aquat Sci 18:123–130Google Scholar