Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 561–573 | Cite as

Culture of Chondracanthus teedei and Gracilariopsis longissima in a traditional salina from southern Spain

  • Ricardo BermejoEmail author
  • Manuel Macías
  • Claudia L. Cara
  • Josefina Sánchez-García
  • Ignacio Hernández


The cultivation of two red macroalgal species, Chondracanthus teedei (Martens ex Roth) and Gracilariopsis longissima (S.G. Gmelin) Steentoft M, L.M. Irvine & W.F. Farnham, was assessed in a traditional salina, a system of earthen ponds used for marine salt extraction taking advantages of solar evaporation and tidal cycle. Vegetative thalli of both species were cultivated in rafts holding polypropylene ropes, from January to June 2015, when lock-gates were opened during the period of no salt production. The effects of three factors in the net growth rate were analysed: seedling density, water motion and seasonality. Water motion and seasonality showed a significant effect in the growth of both species. Seedling density only showed a significant effect in the growth of Gp. longissima, where the growth rates improved at high seedling densities. Values of tissue N were generally lower than critical quotas, suggesting that maximum growth was limited by the concentrations of dissolved nutrients. In addition, the high salinity and temperatures in late spring seemed to condition the values of net growth rate. The study suggested that macroalgal cultivation of these two valuable species could be a promising complementary activity in the integrated management of the salina during winter and early spring, when salinity is lower than 40 PSU, if nutrients in the water are increased with the semi-intensive fish cultivation and the hydrodynamic conditions along the rafts are enhanced.


Rhodophyta Earthen ponds Net growth rate Macroalgal cultivation Nitrogen Yield 



Ricardo Bermejo was supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from the University of Cádiz (Contrato Puente, Plan Propio de Investigación 2014). This version of the manuscript was greatly improved by suggestions provided by two referees. We thank R. Love and S. Molina for field assistance.

Funding information

This study was funded by Project RNM 1235 of the Consejería de Economía y Conocimiento of the Junta de Andalucía (Spain).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Division of EcologyUniversity of CadizPuerto RealSpain
  2. 2.Earth and Ocean Sciences Department, Ryan Institute and School of Natural SciencesNational University of Ireland, Galway, Co.GalwayIreland
  3. 3.Department of Botany, Ryan Institute and School of Natural SciencesNational University of Ireland, Galway, Co.GalwayIreland
  4. 4.Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Technology, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of CadizPuerto RealSpain
  5. 5.University Institute of Marine Research (INMAR), Campus de Excelencia Internacional del Mar (CEIMAR)University of CadizPuerto RealSpain

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