Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 753–760 | Cite as

Production performance, immune response and carcass traits of broiler chickens fed diet incorporated with Kappaphycus alvarezii

  • S. S. N. Qadri
  • A. BiswasEmail author
  • A. B. Mandal
  • M. Kumawat
  • R. Saxena
  • A. M. Nasir


This study evaluates the production performance, immune responses and carcass traits in broiler chickens (0 to 42 days) fed diet with incorporated Kappaphycus alvarezii (AF-KWP). Day-old chicks (280) were randomly distributed into 35 groups with 8 chicks in each group (7 dietary treatments × 5 replicates). Seven experimental diets were formulated by adding 0 (control—T1), 0.25 AF-KWP (T2), 0.50 AF-KWP (T3), 0.75 AF-KWP (T4), 1.00 AF-KWP (T5), 1.25 AF-KWP (T6) and 1.50 AF-KWP (T7) respectively. Body weight gain (g) significantly (P < 0.05) improved in the growing phase (21–42 days) and overall value (0–42 days); however, feed intake (g) differed significantly (P < 0.05) in T7 and T6 groups only in the growing (21–42 days) phase, compared to control and other treated groups. Feed conversion ratio (FCR) did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) by the feeding of diets containing different levels of AF-KWP. Haemagglutination (HA) titre and cell-mediated immunity (CMI) were significantly increased (P < 0.05) in AF-KWP supplemented groups as compared to the control group. No significant (P > 0.05) difference was recorded in the percentage of carcass traits and organ weights but significant improvement (P < 0.05) was recorded in cut up parts (percentage of live wt.) between the control and some AF-KWP-supplemented groups. From the results, it may be concluded that K. alvarezii (AF-KWP) can be incorporated at 1.25% level in broiler diets for improved performance, immuno-responsiveness and breast yield in broiler chickens.


Kappaphycus Rhodophyta Production performance Immunity Carcass trait Chicken 



The study was funded by the Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India.

Authors’ contributions

QSSN carried out the animal experiment, AB designed the study and manuscript drafting, ABM carried out the data analysis and final drafting and KM, SR and NAM carried out the animal experiment and conducted the laboratory analysis.

Compliance with ethical standards

All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. S. N. Qadri
    • 1
  • A. Biswas
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. B. Mandal
    • 1
  • M. Kumawat
    • 1
  • R. Saxena
    • 1
  • A. M. Nasir
    • 1
  1. 1.Avian Nutrition and Feed Technology DivisionICAR-Central Avian Research InstituteIzatnagarIndia

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