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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 4957–4973 | Cite as

The Performance of the First Year Inventory (FYI) Screening on a Sample of High-Risk 12-Month-Olds Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) at 36 Months

  • Helen Y. LeeEmail author
  • Cheryl Vigen
  • Lonnie Zwaigenbaum
  • Susan Bryson
  • Isabel Smith
  • Jessica Brian
  • Linda R. Watson
  • Elizabeth R. Crais
  • Lauren Turner-Brown
  • J. Steven Reznick
  • Grace T. Baranek
Original Paper

Abstract

This study examined the performance of the First Year Inventory (FYI; version 2.0), a community-normed parent-reported screening instrument, in a high-risk (HR) sample of 12-month-olds with older siblings diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The FYI 2.0 was completed by parents of 86 HR infants and 35 low-risk control infants at age 12 months, followed by clinical diagnosis at 36 months. HR infants later diagnosed with ASD had significantly higher FYI 2.0 risk scores in both the social-communication and sensory-regulatory domains than typically developing infants. New FYI 2.0 cutoff scores for HR sample were explored by evaluating various cutoff options after considering tradeoffs between sensitivity and specificity and sample characteristics.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder First Year Inventory High-risk infants Social-communication Sensory reactivity and regulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and Autism Speaks Canada. Lonnie Zwaigenbaum was supported by the Stollery Children’s Hospital Foundation Chair in Autism Research. Susan Bryson and Isabel Smith were supported by the Joan and Jack Craig Chair in Autism Research.

Funding

This research was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and Autism Speaks Canada. Lonnie Zwaigenbaum was supported by the Stollery Children’s Hospital Foundation Chair in Autism Research. Susan Bryson and Isabel Smith were supported by the Joan and Jack Craig Chair in Autism Research.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they do not have conflicts of interest related to this study.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in the study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional boards at each of three sites (Hamilton, Halifax, and Toronto) and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consents were obtained from all individual participants (parents).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Y. Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cheryl Vigen
    • 1
  • Lonnie Zwaigenbaum
    • 5
  • Susan Bryson
    • 3
  • Isabel Smith
    • 3
  • Jessica Brian
    • 4
  • Linda R. Watson
    • 2
    • 6
  • Elizabeth R. Crais
    • 2
    • 6
  • Lauren Turner-Brown
    • 2
    • 6
  • J. Steven Reznick
    • 2
    • 6
  • Grace T. Baranek
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Mrs. T.H. Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational TherapyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Division of Speech and Hearing SciencesUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Dalhousie University/IWK Health CentreNova ScotiaCanada
  4. 4.Bloorview Research InstituteTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Department of PediatricsUniversity of AlbertaAlbertaCanada
  6. 6.The PEARLS NetworkChapel HillUSA

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