Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 4780–4787 | Cite as

Memory for Rules and Output Monitoring in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Kenta YamamotoEmail author
  • Kouhei Masumoto
Original Paper


This study examined factors related to repetitive errors in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from the perspective of output monitoring and memory for rules. Previous studies have suggested that output monitoring errors are associated with repetition errors. Moreover, people with ASD have a reduced memory for rules, which could result in repetitive errors. Typically developing (TD) and ASD participants memorized rules and conducted an object arrangement task consisting of sorting objects according to their price under two conditions. Memory tests and output monitoring tests were conducted immediately, and 1 week later. Results indicated that output monitoring in ASD was significantly lower than in TD, although the memory for rules showed no differences between ASD and TD.


Output monitoring Memory of rules Item memory Repetition errors Restricted Object arrangement task 



This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for JSPS (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science) KAKENHI (Grant Numbers 18J12157, 17KK0049).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Author Kenta Yamamoto declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author Kouhei Masumoto declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10803_2019_4186_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 2922 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Human DevelopmentKobe UniversityKobeJapan

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