Trustworthiness and Dominance Personality Traits’ Judgments in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social functioning, communication, and by the presence of repetitive behaviours and restricted interests. Abnormal processing of faces has also been described as a neuropsychological feature of ASD. We investigated the ability to judge two personality traits in adults with ASD in comparison to typically developed adults (TD). We used an eye tracking device to investigate the exploration of faces when participants judged the degree of trustworthiness and dominance of synthetic faces. In sum, we found that adults with ASD were as capable as TD adults to judge personality traits of face trustworthiness and dominance, which relied on similar exploration of the synthetic faces in the two populations.
KeywordsASD Personality traits Face processing Eye-tracking
We acknowledge the commitment of the participants to take part to this study. This study is part of clinical trial C07-33 sponsored by Inserm. It was granted approval by local Ethics Committee or “Comité de Protection des Personnes” on 2008 November 14th, authorized by the French authorities (ANSM B80738-70 on 2008 August 11th), and registered in a public trials registry (NCT02628808). This work has been co-ordinated by Fondation FondaMental and achieved thanks to the following organisms and establishments: AP-HP, CHU Bordeaux, Hôpital Charles Perrens, Robert Debré et Henri Mondor’s CIC. It was financially supported in part by the Institut Roche, in part by the Investissements d’Avenir program managed by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) under reference ANR-11-IDEX-0004-02. Further support came from ANR (Contracts ANR-09-BLAN-0327 SOCODEV, ANR-10-LABX-0087 IEC and ANR-10-IDEX-0001-02 PSL).
TZ and DG developed the study concept and design in collaboration with ML. The experimental conditions were programmed by DG. Testing and data collection were performed by LGF and AL. Data analyses and interpretations were performed by AL, KK, and HP. AL drafted the manuscript, the other authors provided critical revisions and improvements. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript for submission.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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