Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 9, pp 3898–3905 | Cite as

Anxiety Levels of Children with Developmental Disorders in Japan: Based on Reports Provided by Parents

  • Yuma IshimotoEmail author
  • Takahiro Yamane
  • Yuki Matsumoto
Brief Report


A large number of children with developmental disorders like autism spectrum disorder (ASD), learning disabilities, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have high anxiety. It has also been shown that the high anxiety has harmful effects on them, directly and indirectly. In this study, we conducted a survey on community samples on the level of anxiety of children with developmental disorders in Japan that had hardly been studied so far, and compared them with the anxiety in children in a general population sample in previous studies. Analysis on the 203 participants showed that children with developmental disorders have high anxiety as compared to children as in previous studies in other countries. Particularly children with ASD had a higher anxiety compared with children with developmental disorders without ASD.


Anxiety Children with developmental disorders Autistic spectrum disorder Neurodevelopmental disorder Japan 



This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP15K04160.

Author Contributions

YI conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, performed the statistical analysis, and drafted the manuscript; TY participated in the design of the study, performed the statistical analysis, assisted with interpretation of the data, and helped draft the manuscript; YM participated in the design of the study and interpretation of the data, and helped draft and revise the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Teacher Education CenterTottori UniversityTottori-shiJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Human Development and EnvironmentKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  3. 3.School of Human Life SciencesTokushima Bunri UniversityTokushima-shiJapan

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