Birth Cohort Effects, Regions Differences, and Gender Differences in Chinese College Students’ Aggression: A Review and Synthesis
- 214 Downloads
This cross-temporal meta-analysis involved 86 studies (N = 71,397) on aggression among Chinese college students conducted from 2003 to 2017. We collected articles investigating college students’ aggression using the Aggression Questionnaire. The results showed that college students’ aggression generally decreased steadily over 15 years. Compared to 2003, aggression in 2017 decreased by 1.030 standard deviations. The decline in physical aggression, verbal aggression, and hostility among college students were more rapid than anger. College students from the Eastern region of China demonstrated this decline more than those from the Center and Western regions. Both male and female college students showed decreasing aggression, and the decline was larger in males compared to females.
KeywordsChinese college students Meta-analysis Magnitude of differences Aggression
All authors read and approved this manuscript, all the authors of this article have no conflict of interest. This research was supported by the General Project for Educational Studies of Shanghai Planning of Philosophy and Social Science (A1709); Shanghai Pujiang Program (17PJC026).
HL provided the idea, designed this study and wrote the manuscript, contributed to data collection. CMC was revised the language and revised the questions based on editor and reviews’ suggestions. SL contributed to provide the idea, design this study, analysis data and write the manuscript. ML was contributed the analysis data.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All the authors of this article have no conflict of interest
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of East China Normal University and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Buckley, K. E., & Anderson, C. A. (2006). A theoretical model of the effects and consequences of playing video games. In P. Vorderer & J. Bryant (Eds.), Playing video games: Motives, responses, and consequences (pp. 363–378). Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Web-based injury statistics query and reporting system (WISQARS). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Retrieved from www.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars.
- Chen, L., Zhang, X., & Xia, R. (2011). The relation between adolescent parent-child relationship and aggressive behavior. Studies of Psychology and Behavior, 9(3), 231–235.Google Scholar
- Farrington, D. (2009). Conduct disorder, aggression, and delinquency. In R. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 627–664). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Guo, M., Wei, G., & Zhang, Y. (2010). Anxiety trait, mental health, original family and aggression of college seniors. Chinese Journal of School Health, 31(3), 289–290.Google Scholar
- Jiang, G., Chen, Y., & Ma, Y. (2014). A research on the emotional intelligence and aggressive behavior of the students from southeastern Guizhou. Journal of Kaili University, 32(3), 165–168.Google Scholar
- Lei, H. (2017). Teaching for learning: Research on learner-centered teaching (Doctoral Dissertation). China Doctoral Dissertations Full-text Database.Google Scholar
- Lei, H., Liu, Y., Guo, C., Zhao, L., & Chen, H. (2012). On the relationship between classroom, environment and aggressive behavior: The mediating effect of the attitudes toward violence. Chinese Journal of Special Education, 19(11), 65–72.Google Scholar
- Li, C. (2014). The changing trend of educational inequality in China (1940-2010): Reexamining the urban-rural gap on educational opportunity. Sociological Study, 2, 65–89.Google Scholar
- Li, X., Li, Z., & Zhang, L. (2017). Relationships between social support and aggression of adolescents: The chain mediating roles of self-esteem and self-control. Psychological Development and Education, 33(2), 240–248.Google Scholar
- Liu, W., Xu, Z., & Zou, H. (2012). The effect of parenting on social adjustment of adolescents: Personality as a moderator. Psychological Development and Education, 28(6), 625–633.Google Scholar
- Luo, G. (2016). The relationship between aggression, coping styles, and mental health among left-behind middle school students. Mental Health Education in Primary and Secondary School, 15(2): 8-10, 15.Google Scholar
- Pinker, K. (2012). The better angels of our nature: Why violence has declined. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Sun, X., Zhang, Y., & Zhou, Z. (2013). Children’s aggression and victimization: Mediating effect of social preference and its gender difference. Journal of Psychological Science, 36(2), 383–389.Google Scholar
- Xia, T., Liu, J., Gu, H., & Dong, S. (2016). The effects of interparental conflicts on adolescents’ aggressive behavior: A moderated mediation model. Psychological Development and Education, 32(4), 503–512.Google Scholar
- Yuan, C., Chen, F., Wang, Y., & Bian, Y. (2013). A comparison of single and non-single child’s emotion adjustment. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 21(2), 296–299.Google Scholar
- Zhou, Y. (2012). The research on school violence and coping styles in middle school students (Master’s thesis). China Master’s Theses Full-text Database.Google Scholar