Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 10, pp 4170–4180 | Cite as

Cyberbullying Victimization and Perpetration in Adolescents with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: Correlations with Depression, Anxiety, and Suicidality

  • Huei-Fan Hu
  • Tai-Ling Liu
  • Ray C. Hsiao
  • Hsing-Chang Ni
  • Sophie Hsin-Yi Liang
  • Chiao-Fan Lin
  • Hsiang-Lin Chan
  • Yi-Hsuan Hsieh
  • Liang-Jen Wang
  • Min-Jing Lee
  • Wen-Jiun ChouEmail author
  • Cheng-Fang YenEmail author
Original Paper


The present study examined the associations between cyberbullying involvement and sociodemographic characteristics, autistic social impairment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in 219 adolescents with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Moreover, the associations between cyberbullying involvement and depression, anxiety, and suicidality were also examined. Adolescents self-reported higher rates of being a victim or perpetrator of cyberbullying than were reported by their parents. Increased age and had more severe ODD symptoms were significantly associated with being victims or perpetrators of cyberbullying. Being a victim but not a perpetrator of cyberbullying was significantly associated with depression, anxiety, and suicidality. Cyberbullying victimization and perpetration should be routinely surveyed in adolescents with high-functioning ASD.


Cyberbullying Autism spectrum disorder Depression Anxiety Suicidality 



This study was supported by the Grant NSC 102-2628-B-037-007-MY3 awarded by the National Science Council, Taiwan. The data presented, the statements made and the expressed views are solely the responsibility of the authors.

Author Contributions

HFH, TLL, WJC and CFY conceived of the study and its design, carried out the study, performed the preliminary statistical analyses and drafted the manuscript. RCH, HCN, SHYL, CFL and HLC contributed to the study design, performed the final statistical analyses and helped to draft the manuscript. YHH, LJW and MJL contributed to the study design and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Research involving Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Written informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryTainan Municipal Hospital (Managed by Show Chwan Medical Care Corporation)TainanTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryKaohsiung Medical University HospitalKaohsiung CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, and Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of MedicineKaohsiung Medical UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryChildren’s Hospital and Regional Medical CenterSeattleUSA
  6. 6.College of MedicineChang Gung UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan
  7. 7.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial HospitalLinkou Medical CenterTaoyuanTaiwan
  8. 8.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial HospitalKaohsiung Medical CenterKaohsiung CityTaiwan

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