Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 1638–1651 | Cite as

The Role of Adaptive Behavior and Parent Expectations in Predicting Post-School Outcomes for Young Adults with Intellectual Disability

  • Kristin A. Dell’ArmoEmail author
  • Marc J. Tassé
Original Paper


This study examined the role of parent expectations and adaptive behavior in predicting outcomes for youth with intellectual disability. A sample of students with intellectual disability were drawn from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 for inclusion in this study. Four latent variables were created: demographic factors, adaptive behavior, parent expectations, and post-school outcomes. Structural equation modeling was used to test relationships between these constructs. Results indicated that adaptive behavior was more important than parent expectations in predicting post-school outcomes. Results supported the conclusion that adaptive behavior plays a critical role in post-school success for individuals with intellectual disability and that parent expectations alone were insufficient to ensure positive outcomes for youth with poor adaptive skills. Implications are discussed.


Intellectual disability Parent expectations Adaptive behavior Post-school outcomes NLTS2 Employment 



The authors would like to thank Andrew Persch, PhD, OTR/L for graciously providing access to the NLTS2 dataset.

Author Contributions

KAD conceived of the study, participated in its design, performed statistical analyses and interpretation of the data, and drafted the manuscript. MJT participated in the design of the study, interpretation of the analyses, and critical revisions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nisonger CenterThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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