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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 1586–1598 | Cite as

Dietary Patterns and Anthropometric Measures of Indian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Seema Siddiqi
  • Asna UroojEmail author
  • Melwin James D’Souza
Original Paper

Abstract

Research literature on dietary patterns & eating habits of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in India is limited. To explore this, a pilot study (n = 53) which included 45 boys and 8 girls (age group of 2–13 years) was conducted. Three day food records, Food Frequency Questionnaire and Children Eating Behavior Inventory were used to assess the dietary intakes and mealtime behavior problems respectively. Findings revealed lower intake of fruits and vegetables which reflected on their micronutrient status which was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) in lower amounts predominantly B-Complex, Calcium and Iron. The study has suggested a strong need for future implementation of nutritional intervention programs at the earliest to expand food variety among children with ASD of this region.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorders Somatic status Feeding problems Food selectivity Micronutrient deficits 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge UGC, New Delhi, India, for the financial assistance (UGC DRS-II, No. F.25-1/2014-15 (BSR). Authors also express their deep gratitude to the team of Autism Spectrum Disorder unit at All India Institute of Speech & Hearing (AIISH), Mysore for their co-operation and support; as well as the children and their parents who participated in the study.

Author Contributions

SS and AU conceptualized and designed the study; MJD collected the data. SS drafted and consolidated the manuscript. AU gave the final approval of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

We declare that there is no conflict of interest to disclose.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Studies in Food Science and NutritionUniversity of MysoreMysuruIndia
  2. 2.Department of Food Nutrition and DieteticsMilagres CollegeMangaluruIndia

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