McGurk Effect by Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typically Developing Controls: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
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By synthesizing existing behavioural studies through a meta-analytic approach, the current study compared the performances of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing groups in audiovisual speech integration and investigated potential moderators that might contribute to the heterogeneity of the existing findings. In total, nine studies were included in the current study, and the pooled overall difference between the two groups was significant, g = − 0.835 (p < 0.001; 95% CI − 1.155 to − 0.516). Age and task scoring method were found to be associated with the inconsistencies of the findings reported by previous studies. These findings indicate that individuals with ASD show weaker McGurk effect than typically developing controls.
KeywordsAge Autism spectrum disorder McGurk effect Task scoring method Typically developing controls
This study was supported by research Grants MYRG2017-00217-FED, MYRG2016-00193-FED, and MYRG2015-00221-FED from the University of Macau.
YM and JZ contributed to the design of the study. YM and CW collected relevant articles and coded the data. JH analysed the data and the present manuscript was drafted by YM and JZ. YX, SW, and ZY revised the manuscript critically. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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