Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 34–43 | Cite as

McGurk Effect by Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typically Developing Controls: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

  • Juan Zhang
  • Yaxuan MengEmail author
  • Jinbo He
  • Yutao Xiang
  • Chenggang Wu
  • Shibin Wang
  • Zhen Yuan
Original Paper


By synthesizing existing behavioural studies through a meta-analytic approach, the current study compared the performances of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing groups in audiovisual speech integration and investigated potential moderators that might contribute to the heterogeneity of the existing findings. In total, nine studies were included in the current study, and the pooled overall difference between the two groups was significant, g = − 0.835 (p < 0.001; 95% CI − 1.155 to − 0.516). Age and task scoring method were found to be associated with the inconsistencies of the findings reported by previous studies. These findings indicate that individuals with ASD show weaker McGurk effect than typically developing controls.


Age Autism spectrum disorder McGurk effect Task scoring method Typically developing controls 



This study was supported by research Grants MYRG2017-00217-FED, MYRG2016-00193-FED, and MYRG2015-00221-FED from the University of Macau.

Author Contributions

YM and JZ contributed to the design of the study. YM and CW collected relevant articles and coded the data. JH analysed the data and the present manuscript was drafted by YM and JZ. YX, SW, and ZY revised the manuscript critically. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10803_2018_3680_MOESM1_ESM.tif (43 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIF 43 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of MacauMacauChina
  2. 2.Educational Science Research InstituteHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of MacauMacauChina

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