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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 48, Issue 9, pp 3093–3100 | Cite as

The Relationship Between Sensorimotor and Handwriting Performance in Chinese Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Cecilia W. P. Li-Tsang
  • Tim M. H. Li
  • Choco H. Y. Ho
  • Mandy S. W. Lau
  • Howard W. H. Leung
Original Paper

Abstract

Impaired sensorimotor control, as a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), could be a driving factor to handwriting problems. This study examined the Chinese and English handwriting and sensorimotor skills of 15 ASD and 174 typically developing Chinese adolescents. Participants with ASD had lower writing speed and poor manual dexterity (MD) than the typically developing participants. MD was a significant mediator between ASD and handwriting speed. Ground time and airtime represent the length of time when the pen touches the paper and is held in air, respectively. Participants with ASD who had better performance in MD showed shorter ground time in Chinese handwriting and shorter airtime in English handwriting. Training for adolescents with ASD on their MD may improve their handwriting performance.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Chinese Handwriting Sensorimotor 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Hong Kong Examination and Assessment Authority to support the development of the Computerized Handwriting Speed Test System, Version 2 (CHSTS-2) for secondary school students.

Author Contributions

CWPL and HWHL designed and coordinated the study. TMHL conducted the statistical analyses. TMHL and CHYH interpreted the results and drafted the initial manuscript. MSWL collected data for the study and interpreted the results. All authors critically revised the manuscript and approved the final manuscript as submitted.

Funding

This study was funded partly by The Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority, Hong Kong (Grant Number: (13) in T72).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Research Involving Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecilia W. P. Li-Tsang
    • 1
  • Tim M. H. Li
    • 1
  • Choco H. Y. Ho
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mandy S. W. Lau
    • 1
  • Howard W. H. Leung
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation SciencesThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceCity University of Hong KongHong KongChina

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