Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 1167–1179 | Cite as

A novel porous gel polymer electrolyte based on poly(acrylonitrile–maleic anhydride) composite by polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane for lithium-ion batteries

  • Bo Liu
  • Yun HuangEmail author
  • Yixuan Huang
  • Xiaohua Deng
  • Amin Song
  • Yuanhua Lin
  • Mingshan Wang
  • Xing Li
  • Yuanpeng Wu
  • Haijun CaoEmail author
Research Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Batteries


A novel porous polymer membrane based on polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) composite poly(acrylonitrile–maleic anhydride) (P(AN–MAH)) is prepared by phase inversion method, and corresponding P(AN–MAH) composite gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) is prepared by further absorbing the liquid electrolyte. The structure of the prepared POSS and P(AN–MAH), and the properties of the composite P(AN–MAH) membranes and GPEs are investigated. The results indicate that the introduction of POSS significantly reduces the crystallinity of P(AN–MAH), which gives the composite membrane and GPE excellent performance. Compared with pure P(AN–MAH)-based membrane and GPE, the composite membrane containing 5 wt% POSS exhibits the best porosity (69.9%) and electrolyte uptake (311.9 wt%), and the most excellent electrochemical performance is also presented by the corresponding GPE: enhanced ionic conductivity of 2.51 × 10−3 S cm−1 at room temperature; better compatibility with electrode; significantly increased lithium-ion transference number of 0.53; a remarkably widened electrochemical stability window of 5.6 V (vs. Li/Li+); a higher discharge specific capacity of 147 mAh g−1 with a Li/GPE-5%/LiFePO4 cell at 0.2 C.

Graphic Abstract


Poly(acrylonitrile–maleic anhydride) Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane Gel polymer electrolyte Polymer membrane Lithium-ion battery 



Innovative Research Team of Southwest Petroleum University (Grant Nos. 2015CXTD04 and 2017CXTD01).

Supplementary material

10800_2019_1351_MOESM1_ESM.docx (146 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 146 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringSouthwest Petroleum UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Institute of Blood TransfusionChinese Academy of Medical SciencesChengduChina

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