Advertisement

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 1157–1166 | Cite as

Electrochemical behavior of nanostructured graphene nickel phosphorus composite coating on copper

  • S. KumariEmail author
  • A. Panigrahi
  • S. K. Singh
  • M. Mohapatra
  • A. S. Khanna
  • S. K. Mishra
  • S. K. Pradhan
Research Article
  • 125 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Corrosion

Abstract

The present work is focused on the effects of graphene addition on the electrochemical performance of environmentally benign nanostructured graphene–nickel–phosphorus composite coating (G–NiP) on copper developed by electroless deposition. The coatings were developed using no external dispersing agents and toxic reductant such as hydrazine. The electrochemical corrosion behavior of the coating was investigated using potentiodynamic polarization (PDP) measurement. The anodic polarization curves of the Ni–P coating on copper (Cu–NiP) show two distinct active–passive regions and an oxidation peak, whereas graphene Ni–P coating (Cu–G–NiP) shows almost passive behavior. For Cu–NiP at critical pitting potential (Ec), the passivation breaks indicating initiation of pits, whereas Cu–G–NiP shows the absence of Ec. The PDP results also demonstrate the enhanced corrosion resistance property of the Cu–G–NiP with corrosion inhibition efficiency of 95%. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used to analyze the physical and electrochemical process occurring at various interfaces and to study the influence of graphene in the coating under a corrosive environment. The higher density of micropores is evident from the FESEM image of Cu–NiP, whereas comparatively fewer micropores are observed in the case of Cu–G–NiP after the electrochemical test. This study also reveals that the addition of graphene in the Ni matrix inhibits pore creation and pit formation leading to better intactness of the coating.

Graphic abstract

Keywords

Graphene–NiP composite coating Electroless deposition Electrochemical tests Corrosion Active–passive behavior 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Dr. M. Mahapatra and Ms. S. Pattnaik, CSIR-IMMT, Bhubaneswar, for extending the electrochemical test facility. This research work is financially supported by DST, Reference No. SR/WOS-A/ET-92/2013.

References

  1. 1.
    Ramezanzadeh B, Niroumandrad S, Ahmadi A, Mahdavian M, Mohamadzadeh Moghadam MH (2016) Enhancement of barrier and corrosion protection performance of an epoxy coating through wet transfer of amino functionalized graphene oxide. Corros Sci 103:283–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rao BVA, Iqbal Y, Sreedhar B (2009) Self-assembled monolayer of 2-(octadecylthio) benzothiazole for corrosion protection of copper. Corros Sci 51:1441–1452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Verma G, Dhoke SK, Khanna AS (2012) Polyester based-siloxane modified waterborne anticorrosive hydrophobic coating on copper. Surf Coat Technol 212:101–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen Y, Chen S, Yu F, Sun W, Zhu H, Yin Y (2009) Fabrication and anti-corrosion property of superhydrophobic hybrid film on copper surface and its formation mechanism. Surf Interface Anal 41:872–877CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Redondo MI, Breslin CB (2007) Polypyrrole electrodeposited on copper from an aqueous phosphate solution: corrosion protection properties. Corros Sci 49:1765–1776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang Y, Chen W, Shakoor A, Kahraman R, Lu W, Yan B, Gao W (2014) Ni–P–TiO2 composite coatings on copper produced by sol-enhanced electroplating. Int J Electrochem Sci 9:4384–4393Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boysen W, Frattini A, Pellegri N, Sanctis OD (1999) Protective coatings on copper prepared by sol–gel for industrial applications. Surf Coat Technol 122:14–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guo SF, Zhang HJ, Liu Z, Chen W, Xie SF (2012) Corrosion resistances of amorphous and crystalline Zr-based alloys in simulated seawater. Electrochem Commun 24:39–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Brenner B, Riddell GE (1946) Nickel plating on steel by chemical reduction. J Res Natl Bur Stand 37:31–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Meng G, Li Y, Shao Y, Zhang T, Wang Y, Wang F, Cheng X, Dong C, Li X (2015) Effect of microstructures on corrosion behavior of nickel coatings: (I) abnormal grain size effect on corrosion behavior. J Mater Sci Technol 31:1186–1192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Uhlig HH (2008) Corrosion and corrosion control. Wiley, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schlesinger M (2010) Electroless deposition of nickel. Wiley, New JerseyCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tamilarasan TR, Sanjith U, Shankar MS, Rajagopal G (2017) Effect of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) on corrosion and erosion-corrosion behaviour of electroless Ni–P coatings. Wear 390–391:385–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Qing-hua HU, Xi-tang W, Hao C, Zhou-fu W (2012) Synthesis of Ni/graphene sheets by an electroless Ni- plating method. New Carbon Mater 12:36–41Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Qi Z, Lu W, Guo A, Hu Y, Lee W, Zhang X (2014) Investigation on circular plating pit of electroless Ni–P coating. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:3097–3104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lee C, Wei X, Kysar J, Hone J (2008) Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene. Science 321:385–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Topsakal M, Sahin H, Ciraci S (2012) Graphene coatings: an efficient protection from oxidation. Phys Rev B 85:1–7Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bunch JS, Verbridge SS, Alden JS, Zande AMVD, Parpia JM, Craighead H, Mceuen PL (2008) Impermeable atomic membranes from graphene sheets. Nano Lett 8:2458–2462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Balandin AA (2011) Thermal properties of graphene and nanostructured carbon materials. Nat Mater 10:569–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mayorov AS, Gorbachev RV, Morozov SV, Britnell L, Jalil R, Ponomarenko L, Blake P, Novoselov KS, Watanabe K, Taniguchi T, Geim AK (2011) Micrometer-scale ballistic transport in encapsulated graphene at room temperature. Nano Lett 11:2396–2399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Awasthi S, Pandey SK, Juyal A, Pandey CP, Balani K (2017) Synergistic effect of carbonaceous reinforcements on microstructural, electrochemical, magnetic and tribological properties of electrophoretically deposited nickel. J Alloys Compd 711:424–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Algul H, Tokur M, Ozcan S, Uysal M, Cetinkaya T, Akbulut H, Alp A (2015) The effect of graphene content and sliding speed on the wear mechanism of nickel–graphene nanocomposites. Appl Surf Sci 359:340–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yu Q, Zhou T, Jiang Y, Yan X, An Z, Wang X, Zhang D, Ono T (2018) Preparation of graphene-enhanced nickel–phosphorus composite films by ultrasonic-assisted electroless plating. Appl Surf Sci 435:617–625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Luo H, Leitch M, Behnamian Y, Ma Y, Zeng H, Luo J (2015) Development of electroless Ni–P/nano-WC composite coatings and investigation on its properties. Surf Coat Technol 277:99–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Karthikeyan S, Ramamoorthy B (2014) Effect of reducing agent and nano Al2O3 particles on the properties of electroless Ni–P coating. Appl Surf Sci 307:654–660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wu H, Liu F, Gong W, Ye F, Hao L, Jiang J, Han S (2015) Preparation of Ni–P–GO composite coatings and its mechanical properties. Surf Coat Technol 272:25–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sadhir MH, Saranya M, Aravind M, Srinivasan A, Siddharthan A, Rajendran N (2014) Comparison of in situ and ex situ reduced graphene oxide reinforced electroless nickel phosphorus nanocomposite coating. Appl Surf Sci 320:171–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Tamilarasan TR, Sanjith U, Shankar MS, Rajagopal G (2017) Effect of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) on corrosion and erosion-corrosion behaviour of electroless Ni–P coatings. Wear 390:385–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li D, Mu MB, Gilje S, Kaner RB, Wallace GG (2008) Processable aqueous dispersions of graphene nanosheets. Nat Nanotechnol 3:101–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Shahriary L, Athawale A (2014) Graphene oxide synthesized by using modified hummers approach. Int J Renew Energy Environ Eng 02:58–63Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kumari S, Panigrahi A, Singh SK, Pradhan SK (2018) Corrosion-resistant hydrophobic nanostructured Ni-reduced graphene oxide composite coating with improved mechanical properties. J Mater Eng Perform 27:5889–5897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Pradhan GK, Padhi DK, Parida KM (2013) Fabrication of α-Fe2O3 nanorod/RGO composite: a novel hybrid photocatalyst for phenol degradation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5:9101–9110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Chowdhury DR, Singh C, Paul A (2014) Role of graphite precursor and sodium nitrate in graphite oxide synthesis. RSC Adv 4:15138–15145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Alam SN, Sharma N, Kumar L (2017) Synthesis of graphene oxide (GO) by modified hummers method and its thermal reduction to obtain reduced graphene oxide (rGO). Graphene 06:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Marcano DC, Kosynkin DV, Berlin JM, Sinitskii A, Sun Z, Slesarev A, Alemany LB, Lu W, Tour JM (2010) Improved synthesis of graphene oxide. ACS Nano 4:4806–4814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sun W, Wang L, Wu T, Pan Y, Liu G (2014) Synthesis of low-electrical-conductivity graphene/pernigraniline composites and their application in corrosion protection. Carbon 79:605–614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Prasai D, Tuberquia JC, Harl RR, Jennings GK, Bolotin KI (2012) Graphene: corrosion-inhibiting coating. ACS Nano 6:1102–1108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Brasher DM, Kingsbury AH (1954) Electrical measurements in the study of immersed paint coatings on metal. 1. Comparison between capacitance and gravimetric methods of estimating water-uptake. J Appl Chem 4:62–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Kumari
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. Panigrahi
    • 1
  • S. K. Singh
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Mohapatra
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. S. Khanna
    • 3
  • S. K. Mishra
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. K. Pradhan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CSIR - Institute of Minerals and Materials TechnologyBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.AcSIRNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.The Society for Surface Protective CoatingsMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations