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Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 49, Issue 7, pp 657–669 | Cite as

Novel α-FeOOH corner-truncated tetragonal prisms: crystal structure, growth mechanism and lithium storage properties

  • Huanqing Liu
  • Jiajia Zou
  • Yanhua Ding
  • Bing LiuEmail author
  • Yiqian WangEmail author
Research Article
  • 29 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Batteries

Abstract

Novel goethite (α-FeOOH) corner-truncated tetragonal prisms (CTPs) with a length of about 1 μm and a width of about 200 nm have been synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The morphology, structure and electrochemical properties of CTPs are systematically studied. The obtained α-FeOOH CTPs exhibit high-quality single-crystalline nature. In addition, the single α-FeOOH corner-truncated tetragonal prism (CTP) is enclosed by six side facets, two {020} and four {110}. Depending on the reaction time, two different types of top-endings, one flat or two canted facets, are obtained. The formation of α-FeOOH is associated with the growth and subsequent phase transformation of β-FeOOH. The CTP contributes to structural stability and avoids the common pulverization process of electrodes. In addition, tiny crystallites are generated during the cycle, which increase the contact area between the electrode and electrolyte. Therefore, the α-FeOOH CTPs electrode displays excellent cycling performance with a reversible specific capacity of 870 mAh g−1 at 100 mA g−1 after 100 cycles.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Lithium-ion batteries α-FeOOH Corner-truncated tetragonal prism structure Growth mechanism Surface-controlled capacitive 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 10974105, 21701095), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. ZR2017BEM007), Program of Science and Technology for Higher Education in Shandong Province, China (Grant No.:J17KA010), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2017M622131), and High-end Foreign Experts Recruitment Programs (Grant Nos. GDW20163500110 and GDW20173500154). Y. Q. Wang would also like to thank the financial support from the Top-notch Innovative Talent Program of Qingdao City (Grant No. 13-CX-08), the Taishan Scholar Program of Shandong Province, and Qingdao International Center for Semiconductor Photoelectric Nanomaterials and Shandong Provincial University Key Laboratory of Optoelectrical Material Physics and Devices.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of PhysicsQingdao UniversityQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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