Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 49, Issue 7, pp 647–656 | Cite as

Ultrafine LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 powders via an enhanced thermal decomposition solid state reaction

  • Feng Xu
  • Hongge YanEmail author
  • Jihua Chen
  • Zhengfu Zhang
  • Changling Fan
Research Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Batteries


Enhanced thermal decomposition of carbonates is developed to improve the traditional solid state reaction for the synthesis of ultrafine LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 powders. Controllable activation is obtained by optimizing the mechano-chemical treatment time, which is found to affect lattice structure, morphology and electrochemical properties of the as-synthesized ultrafine LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 powders. The optimal mechano-chemical activation time of 10 h results in more stable and integrated structured ultrafine LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 powders with average diameter of 200–500 nm, leading to a high reversible capacity of 114.3 and 140.9 mAh g−1 at 6 C (1620 mA g−1) in the voltage range of 2.5–4.3 and 2.5–4.5 V, respectively. Moreover, the particles exhibit capacity retentions of 80.8% (2.5–4.3 V) and 83.3% (2.5–4.5 V) at 270 mA g−1 after 200 cycles. Importantly, it is revealed that ball-milling has a positive impact on the calcination process, and the decomposition efficiency is about 35.7% higher compared to ball-milling-free process.

Graphical abstract

The LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 powders prepared by enhancing thermal decomposition show a remarkable high temperature electrochemical property. For optimum performance, the time of mechano-chemical activation should be neither too long nor too short. In addition, the calcination process is further studied in order to understand the transformation regularities of the electrode materials.


Ultrafine LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 powder Mechano-chemical activation Solid state reaction synthesis Calcination process 



This work was supported by the joint fund project of National Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan Province (U1202272).

Supplementary material

10800_2019_1313_MOESM1_ESM.doc (56 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 55 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Feng Xu
    • 1
  • Hongge Yan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jihua Chen
    • 1
  • Zhengfu Zhang
    • 2
  • Changling Fan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Faculty of Materials Science and EngineeringKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingPeople’s Republic of China

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