The association of choroidal thickness with rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide in rheumatoid arthritis
To measure ocular vascular parameters in rheumatoid arthritis patients and compare with those of controls and to evaluate the association of rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody with the choroidal thickness.
Superficial foveal vessel density, superficial and deep foveal avascular zone area, and subfoveal choroidal thickness were measured using the swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography. Multivariate linear regression was used to assess the correlation of subfoveal choroidal thickness with serological markers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Choroidal thickness in patients was significantly thinner than that in healthy controls (278.87 ± 59.54 μm vs. 323.94 ± 98.02 μm, p = 0.03). Despite the weak positive correlations between rheumatoid factor/anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide and choroidal thickness, these relationships were not statistically significant (p > 0.05).
In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, subfoveal choroid was thinner than controls. There were similar correlations between choroidal thickness and rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody.
KeywordsRheumatoid arthritis Choroidal thickness Optical coherence tomography angiography Rheumatoid factor Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody
This research did not receive any funding support.
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Conflict of interest
Both authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest (such as honoraria, educational grants, participation in speakers’ bureaus, membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership or other equity interest, and expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements) or non-financial interest (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge, or beliefs) in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.