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Effects of topical autologous serum on the ocular surface in patients with toxic corneal epitheliopathy induced by anti-glaucoma drugs

  • Chang Ho Yoon
  • Hyun Ju Lee
  • Hye Youn Park
  • Hyungsuk Kim
  • Mee Kum Kim
  • Jin Wook Jeoung
  • Joo Youn OhEmail author
Original Paper
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the effects of topical autologous serum application on the ocular surface in patients with toxic corneal epitheliopathy induced by anti-glaucoma drugs.

Methods

The patients who had corneal epitheliopathy because of preservative-containing anti-glaucoma eye drops were prospectively enrolled. The epitheliopathy was refractory to preservative-free artificial tear treatment. The patients topically applied 20% autologous serum to the eye eight times per day for 1 month. Baseline and one-month change in symptoms and signs were assessed by the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire, tear film break-up time (TFBUT), Schirmer I values, corneoconjunctival staining scores, corneal sensitivity, InflammaDry® tear immunoassay, and tear cytokine profiles using a bead-based multiplex assay.

Results

A total of ten consecutive patients were enrolled between January and August 2018 and evaluated after one-month treatment with 20% autologous serum eye drops. Significant improvement was observed in symptoms (OSDI scores from 25.5 ± 20.9 to 10.5 ± 12.0; P = .039), TFBUT (from 3.1 ± 1.8 s to 5.4 ± 2.3 s; P = .025), corneoconjunctival staining scores (from 7.7 ± 1.8 to 1.8 ± 1.9 NEI scale; P = .005), corneal sensitivity (from 4.6 ± .9 cm to 5.8 ± .5 cm; P = .013), and metalloproteinase-9 levels (P = .013). There were no significant changes in Schirmer I values and tear cytokine levels on multiplex assays. Treatment-related side effects were not detected.

Conclusions

Topical instillation of 20% autologous serum is an effective treatment for toxic corneal epitheliopathy associated with anti-glaucoma eye drops.

Trial registration number

KCT0003827.

Keywords

Anti-glaucoma drug Autologous serum Benzalkonium chloride Cornea Ocular surface Toxicity 

Notes

Funding

This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2018R1A2B2004108).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Seoul National University Hospital (No. 1705-086-855). All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was retrospectively registered on Clinical Research Information Service (CRiS), Republic of Korea (Trial registration number: KCT0003827) on 19/04/2019. The first registration date was 11/04/2018.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologySeoul National University College of MedicineSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Laboratory of Ocular Regenerative Medicine and Immunology, Biomedical Research InstituteSeoul National University HospitalSeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Tissue BankSeoul National University HospitalSeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Laboratory MedicineSeoul National University HospitalSeoulRepublic of Korea

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