Outcomes of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses after laser in situ keratomileusis

  • Sharon S. W. Chow
  • Tommy C. Y. Chan
  • Alex L. K. Ng
  • Alvin K. H. Kwok
Review
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is the most common refractive surgery in young patients, which aims at providing a clear distance vision without the use of spectacles. With time, these patients develop symptomatic cataract, which affects activities of daily living, and to improve visual acuity, intraocular lens (IOL) implantation can be considered. In post-myopic LASIK patients, to allow continuation of spectacle independence, the implantation of presbyopia-correcting IOLs is a suitable option. The purpose of this retrospective case series is to report the visual outcome and quality in post-myopic LASIK eyes after the implantation of AT LISA tri839MP IOL.

Method

Twenty eyes of 13 patients with history of myopic LASIK within 20 years underwent phacoemulsification by one single surgeon. All eyes were implanted with AT LISA tri839PMP IOL, and their outcomes were evaluated at 6 months postoperation.

Results

The mean postoperative uncorrected distance visual acuity (VA) is 0.28 ± 0.29, while the corrected distance VA is 0.06 ± 0.14. The mean postoperative uncorrected near VA is 0.02 ± 0.05, while the corrected near VA is 0.01 ± 0.02. The mean postoperative manifest refraction spherical equivalent (SE) is − 0.92 ± 0.76D. There is a statistically significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative refraction (p = 0.02), which shows a postoperative myopic shift. There is also a statistically significant difference between the mean targeted SE and postoperative manifest refraction SE (p = 0.00). Only one out of 20 eyes (5%) reported halo and glare symptoms. Ten out of 20 eyes (50%) are able to achieve spectacles independence.

Conclusion

In conclusion, in post-myopic LASIK eyes, AT LISA tri839MP provides a good visual outcome at both near and distance, but is more predictable at near than at distance. There is a myopic shift in the postoperative SE. Visual quality is satisfactory and has not been exacerbated. Most patients can remain to be spectacles free at all distances.

Keywords

Trifocal intraocular lens Laser in situ keratomileusis Spectacle independence 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharon S. W. Chow
    • 1
  • Tommy C. Y. Chan
    • 2
    • 4
  • Alex L. K. Ng
    • 3
  • Alvin K. H. Kwok
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyGrantham HospitalAberdeenHong Kong
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual SciencesThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatinHong Kong
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyThe University of Hong KongPok Fu LamHong Kong
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyHong Kong Sanatorium and HospitalHappy ValleyHong Kong

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