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Journal of Indian Philosophy

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 527–563 | Cite as

The Case of yogakṣema/yogakkhema in Vedic and Suttapiṭaka Sources. In Response to Norman

  • Tiziana PontilloEmail author
  • Chiara Neri
Article

Abstract

Norman in 1969 emphasised a linguistic difference between the Vedic compound yogakṣema- interpreted as a dvandva (“exertion and rest”) and the widely distributed Early Buddhist compound yogakkhema-, analysed as a tatpuruṣa “rest from exertion”. On the basis of our analysis of the relevant Pali sources and of the more ancient Vedic occurrences—some of which are quite far from the earliest denotation of the two cyclic phases (yóga- and kṣéma-) of the assumed semi-nomadic Indo-Āryan life—we have undertaken a classification of the several meanings of this compound, in order to distinguish their different facets and to enable us to easily bring about the comparison proposed by Norman in 1969 and in 1993 [1991]. Unlike Norman, we eventually postulated a common reading of this compound as a tatpuruṣa originally denoting an almost material target of welfare, from which both the Brāhmaṇic and the Buddhist usages, whose meaning is predominantly immaterial (ritual or wisdom-oriented), might have developed.

Keywords

yogakkhema yogakṣema Suttapiṭaka Vedic and Late Vedic sources dvandva tatpuruṣa Brāhmaṇic reform 

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Lettere, Lingue e Beni CulturaliUniversità degli Studi di CagliariCagliariItaly
  2. 2.Visiting Researcher, University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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