Nonclassical Problems of Fracture/Failure Mechanics: On the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of Research (Review). II
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The principal results of research on some nonclassical problems of fracture/failure mechanics have been analyzed. These results have been obtained by the author and his followers at the Department of Dynamics and Stability of Continua of the S. P. Timoshenko Institute of Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (the NAS of Ukraine) during the last 50 years. The nonclassical problems of fracture/failure mechanics are problems to which the approaches and criteria of classical fracture mechanics are not applicable. A distinguishing feature of the results obtained by the author and his followers is application of three-dimensional theories of stability, dynamics, and statics of solid mechanics to study the nonclassical problems of fracture/failure mechanics. The majority of other researchers have been using various approximate theories of shells, plates, and rods as well as other approaches to studying the nonclassical problems of fracture/failure mechanics.
The main scientific results of solving the eight nonclassical problems of fracture\failure mechanics obtained in the framework of the above mentioned approach (three-dimensional theories of solid mechanics) have been presented very briefly, with focus on the statement of problems, the analysis of corresponding experiments, the development of methods for their solution within the framework of approach under consideration, and the discussion of final results. The mathematical aspects of the methods for solving the mentioned problems and their computer-aided implementation have not been discussed in this review, with information on this subject briefly presented as annotation. The following eight nonclassical problems of fracture\failure mechanics (results by the author and his followers) are considered in this review:
– first problem is fracture of composites compressed along the reinforcement;
– second problem is short-fiber model in stability and fracture of composites under compression;
– third problem is end-crush fracture of composites under compression along the reinforcement;
– fourth problem is brittle fracture of cracked materials with initial (residual) stresses acting along the cracks;
– fifth problem is shredding fracture of composites stretched or compressed along the reinforcement;
– sixth problem is fracture of materials under compression along parallel cracks;
– seventh problem is brittle fracture of cracked materials under dynamic loads (with contact interaction of the crack faces);
– eighth problem is fracture of thin-walled cracked bodies under tension with prebuckling. About 523 monographs and papers published by the author and his followers on the eight nonclassical problems of fracture mechanics have been included in the references to this review. This review consists of three parts. The first part is General Problems; it is published in Prikladnaya Mekhanika (55, No. 2, 2019). The second part is Compressive Failure of Composite Materials; it is published in Prikladnaya Mekhanika (55, No. 3, 2019). The third part deals with other nonclassical problems of fracture mechanics.
Keywordsnonclassical problems of fracture/failure mechanics research during the last 50 years author and his students S. P. Timoshenko Institute of Mechanics department of dynamics and stability of continuum
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