Advertisement

Flow Field Simulation and Experimental Study of Friction Aided Jet-Electro-Deposition Based on the Wireless Information Networks

  • Da-Zhi Huang
  • Zong-Jun Tian
  • Zhi-Dong Liu
  • Li-Da Shen
  • Ming-Bo Qiu
Article
  • 137 Downloads

Abstract

By analysing the system of friction aided jet-electro-deposition, this research developed a simulate model of the flow field to simulate the velocity of the electroplating solution and investigate the influence of flow field on electro-deposition at different electrode gaps. Simulate Results indicated that velocity of the electroplating solution was high in areas affected by jet-electro-deposition. With increased electrode gap, the velocity of the electroplating solution on the cathode surface decreased gradually, but its velocity distribution became uneven. Analyses using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that choosing an appropriate electrode gap could result in both a high, and a well-distributed, velocity profile conducive to the production of nickel films with fewer defects.

Keywords

Jet-electro-deposition Flow field Friction Electrode gap Free particles 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The work described in this paper was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51475235 and 51675272), Jiangsu Natural Science Foundation of China (No. BK20140194), Lianyungang Science and Technology Foundation of China (No. CG1608), Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Precision and Micro-manufacturing Technology of China, the 521 project of Lianyungang of China, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Large Engineering Equipment Detection and Control, China (No. JSKLEDC201309).

References

  1. 1.
    M. S. Rajput, P. M. Pandey, and S. Jha, Micromanufacturing by selective jet electrodeposition process, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 76, No. 1–4, pp. 61–67, 2013.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Huang, L. Shen, J. Chen, and J. Zhu, Simulation and experiment of fixed point jet electroforming, Hot Working Technology, Vol. 42, No. 21, pp. 74–76, 2013.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Zhu, Z.-J. Tian, Z.-D. Liu, L.-D. Shen, Y.-H. Huang, and G.-F. Wang, Preparation of bright nano-crystalline nickel via friction-aided jet electrodeposition, Journal of South China University of Technology (Natural Science Edition), Vol. 39, No. 11, pp. 92–97, 2011.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.-S. Chen, Mechanical properties of electrolyte jet electrodeposited nickel foam, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Reviews, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 53–56, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Z.-W. Zhu and D. Zhu, Effect of hard particle perturbation on microstructure and property of electroformed copper, The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 60–63, 2006.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    X. Li and Z.-W. Zhu, Effect of free particles to the abrasion-assisted electroforming technique, Electromachining & Mould, Vol. 4, pp. 35–39, 2010.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S.-K. Xu and Y. Wang, Determination of critical Reynolds number at outlets of free jet flows, Journal of Hohai University (Natural Sciences), Vol. 35, No. 6, pp. 699–703, 2007.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Z. Li, X.-T. Liu, and Y.-B. Zhang, Structural parameters of jet nozzle affect jet flow field simulation and research, Coal Mine Machinery, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 63–65, 2012.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G.-Y. Qiao, T.-F. Jing, and N. Wang, High-speed jet electrodeposition and microstructure of nanocrystalline Ni–Co alloys, Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 85–92, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.-S. Chen, Y.-H. Huang, Z.-D. Liu, Z.-J. Tian, J.-F. Zhao, and Y.-P. Zhao, Experimental research on rapid prototyping based on jet electrodeposition, China Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 13, pp. 1408–1411, 2006.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Zhou, S.-H. Chen, and H. Ren, Electrochemical formation of platinum nonoparticles by a novel rotating cathode, Physica E: Low Dimension System and Nanostructures, Vol. 27, pp. 341–350, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J.-S. Chen, Effects of Nozzle caliber on rapid prototyping of jet electroforming, Journal of Material Science & Engineering, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 508–512, 2012.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. P. Wong, K. C. Chan, and T. M. Yue, Influence of spike current in different shaped waveforms on the hardness and grain size of nickel electroforms, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 117, No. 1–2, pp. 97–104, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. Han, Cathodic polarization behavior and microstructure of nanocrystalline nickel by jet electrodeposition. Master’s Thesis. Yanshan University, Yanshan, 2004.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Zhao, Y. Huang, and A. Wu, Basic experimental research on jet electrodeposition rapid prototyping technology, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 39, No. 4, pp. 75–78, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. D. Nikoli, Z. Rakoevi, and K. I. Popov, Structural characteristics of bright copper surfaces, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 514, No. 1, pp. 56–66, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    X. P. Ye, M. D. Bonte, J. P. Celis, et al., Role of overpotential on texture, morphology and ductility of electrodeposited copper foils for printed circuit board applications, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 139, No. 6, pp. 1592–1600, 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    T.-F. Jing, G.-Y. Qiao, and Y. Xiong, Effects of additive on jet-electrodeposited nanocrystalline nickel, Materials Protection, Vol. 34, No. 7, pp. 16–17, 2001.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S.-L. Wang, J.-M. Long, A.-L. Li, H. Zhang, and Y.-H. Song, Status of jet electrodeposition, Electroplating & Pollution Control, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 4–7, 2003.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. Bocking and C. Dineen, Structure of gold and gold alloys produced using high speed selective jet electrodeposition, Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, Vol. 72, No. 3, pp. 101–109, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Da-Zhi Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zong-Jun Tian
    • 1
  • Zhi-Dong Liu
    • 1
  • Li-Da Shen
    • 1
  • Ming-Bo Qiu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticNanjingChina
  2. 2.Marine Resources Development Institute of JiangsuHuaihai Institute of TechnologyLianyungangChina

Personalised recommendations