The mediating effect of well-being between generalized self-efficacy and vocational identity development

  • Zane Asher GreenEmail author


This study analyzed the mediating effect of well-being between generalized self-efficacy and vocational identity development in a sample of 724 final year bachelor’s students studying in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Results from a parallel mediation analysis indicated that generalized self-efficacy was indirectly related to vocational identity development through its relationship with four of the six components of psychological well-being (autonomy, positive relations with others, purpose in life and self-acceptance) as well as the cognitive (life satisfaction) and affective (positive affect and absence of negative affect) components of subjective well-being. The implications of these results for interventions and future research are discussed.


Generalized self-efficacy Psychological and Subjective well-being Vocational identity development 


L’effet médiateur du bien-être entre le sentiment d’auto-efficacité généralisée et le développement de l’identité professionnelle. Cette étude a analysé l’effet médiateur du bien-être entre le sentiment d’auto-efficacité généralisée et le développement de l’identité professionnelle auprès d’un échantillon de 724 étudiant.e.s en dernière année de Bachelor à Rawalpindi et à Islamabad. Les résultats de l’analyse de médiation en parallèle ont montré que l’auto-efficacité généralisée était indirectement liée au développement de l’identité professionnelle à travers quatre des six composantes du bien-être psychologique (autonomie, relations positives, sens de la vie et acceptation), ainsi qu’aux composantes cognitives (satisfaction de vie) et affectives (affect positif et absence d’affect négatif) du bien-être subjectif. Les implications de ces résultats pour les interventions et les recherches futures sont discutées.


Der Effekt des Wohlbefindens als Mediatorvariable zwischen der generalisierten Selbstwirksamkeit und der beruflichen Identitätsentwicklung. Diese Studie analysierte den Effekt des Wohlbefindens als Mediatorvariable zwischen der generalisierten Selbstwirksamkeit und der beruflichen Identitätsentwicklung in einer Stichprobe von 724 Bachelor-Studenten im letzten Studienjahr in Rawalpindi und Islamabad. Die Ergebnisse einer parallelen Mediationsanalyse zeigten, dass die generalisierte Selbstwirksamkeit indirekt mit der Entwicklung der beruflichen Identität zusammenhängt, indem sie mit vier der sechs Komponenten des psychologischen Wohlbefindens (Autonomie, positive Beziehungen zu anderen, Sinnhaftigkeit im Leben und Selbstakzeptanz) sowie mit den kognitiven (Lebenszufriedenheit) und affektiven (positive Wirkung und Abwesenheit negativer Wirkung) Komponenten des subjektiven Wohlbefindens in Beziehung steht. Die Implikationen dieser Ergebnisse für Interventionen und die zukünftige Forschung werden diskutiert.


El efecto mediador del bienestar entre la autoeficacia generalizada y el desarrollo de la identidad vocacional. Este estudio analiza el efecto mediador del bienestar entre la autoeficacia generalizada y el desarrollo de la identidad vocacional en una muestra de 724 estudiantes de último año de licenciatura en Rawalpindi e Islamabad. Los resultados de un análisis paralelo de mediación indican que la autoeficacia generalizada está indirectamente relacionada con el desarrollo de la identidad vocacional a través de su relación con cuatro de los seis componentes del bienestar psicológico (autonomía, relaciones positivas con los demás, propósito en la vida y auto-aceptación), así como con los componentes cognitivos (satisfacción con la vida) y afectivos (afecto positivo y ausencia de afecto negativo) del bienestar subjetivo. Se discuten las implicaciones de estos resultados para las intervenciones y las investigaciones futuras.



The author is grateful to all the study participants and their respective institutions for bringing the study to fruition. Special thanks to Dr. Abdul Basit, Dr. Firoza Ahmed, Wasim Javed Qazi, Dr. Sadia Batool, Sadia Sadiq, Mohammad Nawaz Hashemi, Uzma Noor, Farkhonda Faizi, Farooq Ahmed, Shahzaib Abbasi, and Raheel Sajid for their support during the study. This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author states that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The research protocol was submitted for consideration, comment, guidance and approval to the university’s research ethics committee. All procedures performed in the study are in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Business AdministrationPreston UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Contemporary Research InitiativePreston UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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