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A critical comparison of factors affecting science and technology students’ entrepreneurial intention: a tale of two genders

  • Rajib RoyEmail author
  • Niladri Das
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

This study assesses the influence of gender differences in the formation of entrepreneurial intention. Specifically, we investigate how culture and gender influence factors responsible for entrepreneurial intention development. A sample of 414 science and technology students from the world’s fourth most prominent entrepreneurial university completed surveys. Structural Equation Modeling was used to analyze the data. Results show that the influence of social learning on entrepreneurial intention was mediated both by personality traits and entrepreneurial knowledge, whereas the effect of university-level determinants on entrepreneurial intention was mediated only through entrepreneurial knowledge. Strong support for the moderating role of gender was found.

Keywords

Culture Gender Entrepreneurial intention 

Resumé

Une comparaison critique des facteurs influençant les intentions entrepreneuriales des étudiants en science et en technologie : une histoire de deux sexes Cette étude évalue l’influence des différences entre hommes et femmes sur la formation des intentions entrepreneuriales. Plus précisément, nous étudions comment la culture et la variable sexe influencent les facteurs déterminant le développement des intentions entrepreneuriales. Une enquête a été menée auprès d’un échantillon de 414 étudiants des filières science et technologie des quatre universités distinguées en matière d’entrepreneuriat dans le monde. La modélisation par équation structurelle a été utilisée dans l’analyse des données. Les résultats montrent que l’influence de l’apprentissage social sur les intentions entrepreneuriales était médiatisée à la fois par les traits de personnalité et la possession de connaissances en matière d’entrepreneuriat, alors que l’effet des facteurs relatifs au niveau universitaire sur les intentions entrepreneuriales était médiatisé uniquement par la possession de connaissances en matière d’entrepreneuriat. Un rôle modérateur important de la variable sexe a été trouvé.

Zusammenfassung

Ein kritischer Vergleich von Einfluss-Faktoren, die die unternehmerischen Intentionen von Studierenden der Natur- und Technikwissenschaften erfasst: Eine Geschichte zweierlei Gender Diese Studie untersucht den Einfluss von Geschlechterunterschieden auf die Bildung bzw. die Entwicklung unternehmerischer Intentionen. Konkret wird untersucht, wie kulturelle und geschlechterspezifische Faktoren die Entwicklung unternehmerischer Absichten determinieren. An der weltweit viertbekanntesten unternehmerischen Universität wurde eine Umfrage (Stichprobe: 414 Studierenden aus der Naturwissenschaft- und Technikwissenschaft) durchgeführt. Bei der Datenanalyse wurden Strukturgleichungsmodelle angewandt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass sowohl Persönlichkeitsmerkmale als auch unternehmerisches Wissen das soziale Lernen beeinflussen, welches sich auf die unternehmerische Intention niederschlägt. Dagegen beeinflussen hochschulspezifische Determinanten lediglich unternehmerisches Wissen und somit die unternehmerische Intention. In diesem Kontext konnte festgestellt werden, dass die Genderrolle die unternehmerische Intention stark fördert.

Resumen

Una comparación crítica de los factores que afectan la intención empresarial de los estudiantes de ciencias y tecnología: El cuento de los dos géneros Este artículo evalúa la influencia de las diferencias de género en la formación de la intención empresarial. Específicamente, se investiga como los factores culturales y de género son responsables del desarrollo de la intención empresarial. La investigación se ha realizado con una muestra de 414 estudiantes de ciencias y tecnología de las cuatro universidades empresariales más prestigiosas del mundo. Para analizar los datos se utilizó el modelo de ecuaciones estructurales (MES). Los resultados muestran que la influencia del aprendizaje social sobre la intención empresarial estaba mediada tanto por los rasgos de la personalidad como por el conocimiento empresarial, mientras que el efeto del nivel universitario que incide sobre la intención empresarial mediaba solamente a través del conocimiento empresarial. Los resultados muestran un apoyo total al papel moderador del género.

Notes

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management StudiesIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia

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