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Future orientation, resilience and vocational identity in southern Italian adolescents

  • L. FuscoEmail author
  • L. S. Sica
  • A. Boiano
  • S. Esposito
  • L. Aleni Sestito
Article

Abstract

This study focused on the relations between vocational identity, future orientation, and resilience. Southern Italian high school students (N = 342) were assessed using the Vocational Identity Scale Assessment (VISA) and Design My Future to evaluate future orientation and resilience. Future orientation and resilience were correlated positively with commitment making, identification with commitment and exploration, and negatively with vocational flexibility and self-doubt. A cluster analysis revealed six aspects of vocational identity, whose relations with future orientation and resilience are explored. The results can support career programs in high school environments aimed to develop vocational identity construction, and provide suggestions for orientation programs.

Keywords

Future orientation Resilience Vocational identity 

Résumé

Orientation future, résilience et identité vocationnelle chez les adolescents du sud de l’Italie Cette étude s’est intéressée aux relations entre l’identité vocationnelle, l’orientation future et la résilience. Les élèves du secondaire du sud de l’Italie (N = 342) ont été évalués à l’aide de l’échelle Vocational Identity Scale Assessment (VISA) et de l’échelle Design My Future pour évaluer l’orientation future et la résilience. L’orientation future et la résilience étaient corrélées positivement avec l’engagement, l’identification à l’engagement et l’exploration, et négativement avec la flexibilité de l’engagement et le doute vis-à-vis de soi. Une analyse en cluster a révélé 6 aspects de l’identité vocationnelle dont leurs relations avec l’orientation future et la résilience sont explorées. Les résultats soutiennent la mise en place des programmes de carrière dans les lycées visant à développer la construction de l’identité professionnelle et à fournir des suggestions pour des programmes d’orientation.

Zusammenfassung

Zukunftsorientierung: Resilienz und berufliche Identität bei süditalienischen Adoleszenten Die Studie untersucht die Beziehungen zwischen beruflicher Identität, Zukunftsorientierung und Resilienz. Süditalienische Gymnasiasten/-innen (N = 342) wurden mit dem Vocational Identity Scale Assessment (VISA) und dem psychometrischen Fragebogen Design my Future befragt um Zukunftsorientierung und Resilienz zu untersuchen. Zukunftsorientierung und Resilienz waren positiv mit Commitment korreliert, berufliche Identität mit Commitment und Exploration, negativ mit beruflicher Flexibilität und Selbstzweifeln. Eine Clusteranalyse ergab sechs Typen von beruflicher Identität, deren Beziehungen mit Zukunftsorientierung und Resilienz untersucht werden. Die Ergebnisse liefern Hinweise für die Gestaltung von Laufbahnprogrammen an Gymnasien, welche die Herausbildung beruflicher Identität zum Ziel haben und erlauben Vorschläge für berufliche Orientierungsprogramme.

Resumen

Orientación futura, resiliencia e identidad profesional en adolescentes del sur de Italia Este estudio se centra en las relaciones entre la identidad profesional, la orientación futura y la resiliencia. Estudiantes de la escuela secundaria del sur de Italia (N = 342) fueron evaluados utilizando la Escala de Evaluación de la Identidad Vocacional (VISA) y Design My Future para valorar la orientación futura y resiliencia. La orientación futura y la resiliencia se correlacionaron positivamente con la toma de compromiso, la identificación con el compromiso y la exploración, y negativamente con la flexibilidad profesional y la auto-duda. Un análisis de clúster reveló 6 aspectos de la identidad profesional, cuyas relaciones con la orientación futura y la resiliencia son exploradas en este artículo. Los resultados pueden apoyar programas profesionales en entornos de la escuela secundaria destinados a desarrollar la construcción de identidad vocacional, y proporcionar sugerencias para programas de orientación.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HumanitiesUniversity of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly

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