Limited Resource Semi-Quantum Secret Sharing Based on Multi-Level Systems

  • Yi Xiang
  • Jun Liu
  • Ming-qiang Bai
  • Xue Yang
  • Zhi-wen MoEmail author


In the actual quantum task, it is more realistic to achieve the same task with quantum resources as few as possible which is known as semi-quantum idea. This paper proposed a novel and resultful semi-quantum secret sharing protocol, which is implemented using product states based on multi-level systems. In this scheme, the quantum capabilities of the receivers Bob and Charlie are limited, and the sender Alice does not have to access quantum memory. In addition, the security of the protocol is analyzed in detail from two aspects of Intercept-measure-resend and Entangle-measuring attacks initiated by internal malicious participants. More importantly, among the premise of proximate security of Ref. Li et al. (Quantum Inf. Process. 17, 285, 2018), our scheme reduces the number of particles used for eavesdropping detection and increases the amount of information carried by each particle.


Quantum cryptography Semi-quantum secret sharing Product states Measurement Multi-level systems 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.11671284), Sichuan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.2017JY0197) and the Opening Project of Sichuan Province University Key Laboratory of Bridge Non-destruction Detecting and Engineering Computing (Grant No.2018QYJ02).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yi Xiang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Jun Liu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ming-qiang Bai
    • 1
    • 4
  • Xue Yang
    • 1
    • 4
  • Zhi-wen Mo
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Mathematical SciencesSichuan Normal UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.College of Mathematics and StatisticsSichuan University of Science and EngineeringZigongChina
  3. 3.School of Mathematics and InformationChina West Normal UniversityNanchongChina
  4. 4.Institute of Intelligent Information and Quantum InformationSichuan Normal UniversityChengduChina

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