Dynamical Evolution of Properties for Atom and Field in the Process of Two-Photon Absorption and Emission Between Atomic Levels

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Abstract

Using dressed state method, we cleverly solve the dynamics of atom-field interaction in the process of two-photon absorption and emission between atomic levels. Here we suppose that the atom is initially in the ground state and the optical field is initially in Fock state, coherent state or thermal state, respectively. The properties of the atom, including the population in excited state and ground state, the atom inversion, and the properties for optical field, including the photon number distribution, the mean photon number, the second-order correlation function and the Wigner function, are discussed in detail. We derive their analytical expressions and then make numerical analysis for them. In contrast with Jaynes-Cummings model, some similar results, such as quantum Rabi oscillation, revival and collapse, are also exhibit in our considered model. Besides, some novel nonclassical states are generated.

Keywords

Two-photon absorption and emission Jaynes-Cummings model Dressed state method Atomic inversion Wigner function 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Quantum Science and TechnologyJiangxi Normal UniversityNanchangChina
  2. 2.College of Physics Communication ElectronicsJiangxi Normal UniversityNanchangChina

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