Study of Ancient Paper and Detection of Microbiological Contamination Using Photoacoustic Technique

  • D. Castillo-Hernández
  • F. Sánchez-Ramírez
  • J. L. Jiménez-PérezEmail author
  • A. Cruz-Orea
  • Z. N. Correa-Pacheco
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. ICPPP-20: Selected Papers of the 20th International Conference on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena


Ancient documents are of historical interest because they contain valuable information for future generations. One of the most common causes of documents damage and degradation is due to the presence of fungi. Therefore, it is very important to protect them from these microorganisms. In this work, TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2NPs) were synthesized and used along with UV treatment for application as a potential antifungal against paper damage. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed an average size of 70 nm for the nanoparticles. From scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs, different structures of fungi in damaged cellulose fibers were observed. Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) detected the presence of elements related to organic and inorganic materials. Photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS) as a non-invasive and versatile technique was used to study ancient documents deterioration presented in this manuscript. Through this technique, pigments produced by fungi in the wavelength between 277 nm and 700 nm were detected, being PAS an important characterization tool to study biodeterioration caused by fungi.


Ancient documents Antibacterial Contamination Fungi Photoacoustic spectroscopy TiO2 nanoparticles 



  1. 1.
    S. Sequeira, E. Cabrita, M. Macedo, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 74, 67 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Neves, S. Schafer, A. Phillips, J. Canejo, M. Macedo, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 63, 267 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Michaelsen, G. Piñar, M. Montanari, F. Pinzari, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 63, 161 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Manente, A. Micheluz, R. Ganzerla, G. Ravagnan, A. Gambaro, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 74, 99 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Karakasidou, K. Nikolouli, G.D. Amoutzias, A. Pournou, C. Manassis, G. Tsiamis, D. Mossialos, MicrobiologyOpen 7, e596 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Gutarowska, J. Skora, K. Zduniak, D. Rembisz, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 68, 7 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Michaelsen, F. Pinzari, N. Barbabietola, G. Piñar, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 84, 333 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Lang-Dong, H. Ching Min, C. Been-Huang, T. Ming-Jer, Jpn. Wood Res. Soc. 53, 121 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Manso, A. Cardeira, M. Silva, A. Le Gac, S. Penssanha, M. Guerra, A. Calderia, A. Candeira, M. Carvalho, Appl. Phys. 118, 1107 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. Melo, S. Sequeira, J. Lopes, M. Macedo, J. Cult. Herit. 35, 161 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Reis Celestino, L. Ennes De Carvalho, M. Da Paz Lima, A. Moura Lima, M. Morishi Ogusku, J. Braga De Souza, Process Biochem. 49, 569 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. Suwannarach, J. Kumla, Y. Nishizaki, N. Sugimoto, J. Meerak, K. Matsui, S. Lumyong, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 103, 1 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Fouillaud, M. Venkatachalam, M. Llorente, H. Magalon, P. Cuet, L. Dufossé, Mycol. J. 3, 36 (2017)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.L. Jiménez-Pérez, J. Jiménez-Pérez, A. Bracamontes-Cruz, A. Cruz-Orea, J.G. Mendoza-Alvarez, A. Gordilllo-Sol, H. Yee-Madeira, Int. J. Thermophys. 27, 1898 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.L. Jiménez Pérez, J. Jiménez Pérez, A. Bracamontes Cruz, A. Cruz Orea, J.G. Mendoza Alvarez, Int. J. Thermophys. 25, 503 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. López Martínez, L. Méndez Tovar, F. Hernández Hernández, R. Castañón Olivares, Micología médica Procedimientos para el diagnóstico de laboratorio (Trillas, Mexico, 2012)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Arai, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 46, 181 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Londhe, S. Patil, K. Krishnadas, A. Sawant, R. Yelchuri, V. Chada, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 108, 57 (2019)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Florian, L. Manning, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 46, 205 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Vijayalakshmi, V. Rajendran, Res. L. Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. 4, 1183 (2012)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Hernández-Aguilar, A. Domínguez-Pacheco, A. Cruz-Orea, R. Ivanov, J. Spectrosc. 5920948, 1 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Gould, Plant Physiol. 70, 1521 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.A. Bonifaz, Micología médica básica (Mc Graw Hill Interamericana, Mexico, 2015)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Stange, S. Steudler, H. Delenk, A. Werner, T. Walther, A. Wagenführ, J. Fungi 40, 5 (2019)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    G. Weber, A. Boonloed, K. Naas, M. Koesdjojo, V. Remcho, S. Robinson, Curr. Res. Environ. Appl. Mycol. 6, 218 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    B. Narendrababu, S. Shishupala, J. Appl. Biol. Biotechnol. 5, 53 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    F. Stodola, K. Raper, D. Fennell, Nature 17, 773 (1951)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. Švedas, A.S. Dementév, E. Murauskas, N. Slavinskis, Lith. J. Phys. 47, 221 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. Nikitichev, W. Xia, E. Hill, C. Mosse, T. Perkins, K. Konyn, S. Ourselin, A. Desjardins, T. Vercauteren, Phys. Educ. 51, 045015 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    G. Bonifazi, G. Capobianco, C. Pelosi, S. Serranti, J. Imaging 5, 8 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Mahajan, S. Kamalapur, Asian J. Comput. Sci. Eng. 2, 6 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Ingeniería y Tecnología Avanzadas del Instituto Politécnico NacionalMéxico CityMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología Aplicada del Instituto Politécnico NacionalEx-Hacienda San Juan Molino Carretera Estatal Tecuexcomac-TepetitlaMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Departamento de Física, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios AvanzadosInstituto Politécnico NacionalMexico CityMexico
  4. 4.CONAYT-Centro de Desarrollo de Productos BióticosInstituto Politécnico NacionalYautepecMéxico

Personalised recommendations