Photoacoustic Spectroscopy Investigation of Zinc Oxide/Diatom Frustules Hybrid Powders
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Photoacoustic spectroscopy investigation was carried out on ZnO nanoparticles grown at 80 °C on porous surface of diatomite (DE) by sol–gel technique, using zinc acetate dihydrate as ceramic precursor and triethanolamine to mediate the surface growth of the nanoparticles. Absorption and scattering characteristics of hybrid ZnO/DE powder in the UV–Vis range were inferred by photoacoustic spectroscopy, and results were analyzed based on Helander’s theory. In particular, we discussed in detail the procedure to calculate the absorption and scattering spectra of the hybrid powder showing how from the scattering coefficient in the 300–450 nm range it is possible to obtain information on the size distribution of the ZnO nanospheres. By applying photoacoustic spectroscopy for different modulation frequencies, we showed that is also possible to perform a size distribution depth profile of the ZnO aggregates, opening the way to interesting developments in this research field.
KeywordsDiatomite Light absorption Light scattering Photoacoustics Sol–gel synthesis Spectroscopy Zinc oxide nanoparticles
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