Effect of Ni–Co Ternary Molten Salt Catalysts on Coal Catalytic Pyrolysis Process
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In order to facilitate efficient and clean utilization of coal, a series of Ni–Co ternary molten salt crystals are explored and the catalytic pyrolysis mechanism of Datong coal is investigated. The reaction mechanisms of coal are achieved by thermal gravimetric analyzer (TGA), and a reactive kinetic model is constructed. The microcosmic structure and macerals are observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The catalytic effects of ternary molten salt crystals at different stages of pyrolysis are analyzed. The experimental results show that Ni–Co ternary molten salt catalysts have the capability to bring down activation energy required by pyrolytic reactions at its initial phase. Also, the catalysts exert a preferable catalytic action on macromolecular structure decomposition and free radical polycondensation reactions. Furthermore, the high-temperature condensation polymerization is driven to decompose further with a faster reaction rate by the additions of Ni–Co ternary molten salt crystal catalysts. According to pyrolysis kinetic research, the addition of catalysts can effectively decrease the activation energy needed in each phase of pyrolysis reaction.
KeywordsCatalytic pyrolysis mechanism Coal Dynamics analysis Ternary molten salt crystal
This work is supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2014QNA20). The authors would like to thank Dr. S. Bacha for his language assistance.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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