Calibration of Air Thermometers in a Climatic Chamber and Liquid Baths

  • Vincencij ŽužekEmail author
  • Igor Pušnik
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. TEMPMEKO 2016: Selected Papers of the 13th International Symposium on Temperature, Humidity, Moisture and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science


The paper deals with calibration of digital indication thermometers designed for air temperature measurements. These were calibrated by comparison with a reference thermometer in two different calibration media: in the air when a climatic chamber was used and in a liquid when a calibration bath was used. The main difference between the media was thermal conductivity, which was more than ten times lower in the air. To compare both methods, we calibrated two sets of air thermometers twice. The first set comprised of small temperature loggers with an internal sensor, whereas the second set was a group of temperature probes connected to the measurement unit. The temperature ranges for the loggers were from 0 \(^{\circ }\)C to 40 \(^{\circ }\)C and for the probes from −20 \(^{\circ }\)C to 60 \(^{\circ }\)C. The results showed that the measured temperature errors were smaller in the bath as well as less scattered. Furthermore, the assigned measurement uncertainty was lower, if calibration was performed in a calibration bath, mostly due to better thermal homogeneity of a liquid compared to the air in a climatic chamber. Calibration shall assure traceability of a measurement equipment in such a way that a calibration procedure simulates an actual use of equipment; otherwise, the corrections and associated measurement uncertainty could be misleading. Therefore, when air thermometers, which are designed to measure a gaseous medium, are calibrated, they should be calibrated under similar conditions as they are used. The paper presents the differences in results of calibration of air thermometers under different calibration conditions.


Air thermometers Calibration by comparison Climatic chamber Liquid bath 



This work was partially supported by Ministry of Economic Development and Technology, Metrology Institute of Republic Slovenia in scope of Contract 6401-18/2008/70 for National standard laboratory for the field of thermodynamic temperature and humidity.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Metrology Institute of the Republic of Slovenia/University of Ljubljana-Faculty of Electrical Engineering/Laboratory of Metrology and Quality (MIRS/UL-FE/LMK)LjubljanaSlovenia

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