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Calibration of Heat Stress Monitor and its Measurement Uncertainty

  • Can EkiciEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) equation is a heat stress index that gives information for the workers in the industrial areas. WBGT equation is described in ISO Standard 7243 (ISO 7243 in Hot environments—estimation of the heat stress on working man, based on the WBGT index, ISO, Geneva, 1982). WBGT is the result of the combined quantitative effects of the natural wet-bulb temperature, dry-bulb temperature, and air temperature. WBGT is a calculated parameter. WBGT uses input estimates, and heat stress monitor measures these quantities. In this study, the calibration method of a heat stress monitor is described, and the model function for measurement uncertainty is given. Sensitivity coefficients were derived according to GUM. Two-pressure humidity generators were used to generate a controlled environment. Heat stress monitor was calibrated inside of the generator. Two-pressure humidity generator, which is located in Turkish Standard Institution, was used as the reference device. This device is traceable to national standards. Two-pressure humidity generator includes reference temperature Pt-100 sensors. The reference sensor was sheltered with a wet wick for the calibration of natural wet-bulb thermometer. The reference sensor was centred into a black globe that has got 150 mm diameter for the calibration of the black globe thermometer.

Keywords

Black globe temperature Calibration Dry-bulb temperature Measurement uncertainty Natural wet-bulb temperature Wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT ) 

Abbreviations

WBGT

Wet-bulb globe temperature

\(T_{\mathrm{nw}}\)

Natural wet-bulb temperature, units of \({^{\circ }}\hbox {C}\)

\(T_{\mathrm{a}}\)

Air temperature, units of \({^{\circ }}\hbox {C}\)

\(T_{\mathrm{g}}\)

Black globe temperature, units of \({^{\circ }}\hbox {C}\)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringYildiz Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Gebze Calibration DirectorateTurkish Standard InstitutionAnkaraTurkey

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