Effect of Impurities on the Freezing Point of Zinc

  • Jianping SunEmail author
  • Steffen Rudtsch
  • Yalu Niu
  • Lin Zhang
  • Wei Wang
  • Xiaolong Den
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. TEMPMEKO 2016: Selected Papers of the 13th International Symposium on Temperature, Humidity, Moisture and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science


The knowledge of the liquidus slope of impurities in fixed-point metal defined by the International Temperature Scale of 1990 is important for the estimation of uncertainties and correction of fixed point with the sum of individual estimates method. Great attentions are paid to the effect of ultra-trace impurities on the freezing point of zinc in the National Institute of Metrology. In the present work, the liquidus slopes of Ga–Zn, Ge–Zn were measured with the slim fixed-point cell developed through the doping experiments, and the temperature characteristics of the phase diagram of Fe–Zn were furthermore investigated. A quasi-adiabatic Zn fixed-point cell was developed with the thermometer well surrounded by the crucible with the pure metal, and the temperature uniformity of less than 20 mK in the region where the metal is located was obtained. The previous doping experiment of Pb–Zn with slim fixed-point cell was checked with quasi-adiabatic Zn fixed-point cell, and the result supports the previous liquidus slope measured with the traditional fixed-point realization.


Freezing point of zinc Impurities ITS-90 Liquidus slope Phase diagram Quasi-adiabatic 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51576181).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of MetrologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Physikalisch-Technische BundesanstaltBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Taiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  4. 4.Qingdao Institute of Measurement TechnologyQingdaoChina
  5. 5.Guangzhou Institute of Measuring and Testing TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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