Advertisement

Volumetric Properties of Lithium–Lead Melts

  • R. A. KhairulinEmail author
  • R. N. Abdullaev
  • S. V. Stankus
  • A. S. Agazhanov
  • I. V. Savchenko
Article

Abstract

The density of liquid lithium and lithium–lead alloys (10.02 at.% Pb, 14.98 at.% Pb, 18.06 at.% Pb, 20.02 at.% Pb, 22.24 at.% Pb, 23.09 at.% Pb, 25.10 at.% Pb, 30.15 at.% Pb, 38.21 at.% Pb, 40.11 at.% Pb, 43.08 at.% Pb, 46.65 at.% Pb, 50.15 at.% Pb, 60.23 at.% Pb, 70.01 at.% Pb, 83.00 at.% Pb, and 84.30 at.% Pb) has been measured using the gamma-ray attenuation technique over the temperature range from the liquidus line to 1050 K. The position of the liquidus curve in the Li–Pb phase diagram has been clarified. The compositional dependencies of molar volume and volumetric thermal expansion coefficient of the Li–Pb liquid system have been constructed and discussed.

Keywords

Density Gamma-ray attenuation technique Lithium–lead system Melt Phase diagram Thermal expansion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We gratefully thank the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grant No. 15-08-00275) for providing partial financial support for this research.

References

  1. 1.
    R.J. Holroyd, J.T.D. Mitchell, Nucl. Eng. Des. Fusion 1, 17 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Malang, A.R. Raffray, N.B. Morley, Fusion Eng. Des. 84, 2145 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Mas de les Valls, L.A. Sedano, L. Batet, I. Ricapito, A. Aiello, O. Gastaldi, F. Gabriel, J. Nucl. Mater. 376, 353 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Grube, H. Klaiber, Z. Elektrochem, Angew. Phys. Chem. 40, 745 (1934)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Schulz, Fusion Eng. Des. 14, 199 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B.B. Alchagirov, A.G. Mozgovoi, T.M. Taova, T.A. Sizhazhev, Perspekt. Mater. 6, 35 (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S.V. Stankus, R.A. Khairulin, A.G. Mozgovoi, High Temp. 44, 829 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Saar, H. Ruppersberg, J. Phys. F Met. Phys. 17, 305 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.-L. Saboungi, J. Marr, M. Blander, J. Chem. Phys. 68, 1375 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V.T. Nguyen, J.E. Enderby, Philos. Mag. 35, 1013 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.-L. Saboungi, W. Geertsma, D.L. Price, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 41, 207 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. van der Lugt, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 6115 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Ruppersberg, H. Reiter, J. Phys. F Met. Phys. 12, 1311 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R.A. Khairulin, S.V. Stankus, A.S. Kosheleva, High Temp. 46, 212 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.V. Stankus, R.A. Khairulin, Thermochim. Acta 474, 52 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S.V. Stankus, R.A. Khairulin, P.S. Popel, The Technique of Experimental Determination of the Density of Solid and Liquid Materials by a Gamma-Method. GSSSD ME 206–2013 (Standartinform, Moscow, 2013). [in Russian]Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S.V. Stankus, R.A. Khairulin, High Temp. 37, 194 (1999)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    K.A. Yakimovich, A.G. Mozgovoi, High Temp. 38, 657 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E.E. Shpil’rain, K.A. Yakimovich, E.E. Totskii, D.L. Timrot, V.A. Fomin, Thermophysical Properties of Alkaline Metals (Standards Publishing, Moscow, 1970). [in Russian]Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Okamoto, J. Phase Equilib. 14, 770 (1993)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. Hubberstey, T. Sample, M.G. Barker, J. Nucl. Mater. 191–194, 283 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S.V. Stankus, R.A. Khairulin, High Temp. 44, 389 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    W.J. Howell, C.T. Lira, C.A. Eckert, AIChE J. 34, 1477 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V.F. Gantmakher, Phys. Usp. 45, 1165 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.R. Franz, F. Brouers, C. Holzhey, J. Phys. F Met. Phys. 12, 2611 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R.A. Khairulin, S.V. Stankus, R.N. Abdullaev, High Temp. High Press. 42, 493 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Khairulin
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. N. Abdullaev
    • 2
  • S. V. Stankus
    • 1
  • A. S. Agazhanov
    • 1
  • I. V. Savchenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ThermophysicsSiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations