Metalized Poly-methacrylate Off-Axis Parabolic Mirrors for Terahertz Imaging Fabricated by Additive Manufacturing

  • Daniel B. Fullager
  • Serang ParkEmail author
  • Clark Hovis
  • Yanzeng Li
  • Jesse Reese
  • Erin Sharma
  • Susanne Lee
  • Christopher Evans
  • Glenn D. Boreman
  • Tino Hofmann


Terahertz radiation sources are currently one of the most widely used non-ionizing illumination mechanisms for security applications and also find increasing utilization in quality control of commercial products. Presently, a majority of these applications rely on scanning rather than direct imaging and implicitly suffer from temporal latency due to post processing. The monetary and temporal cost associated with procuring commercially manufactured optics that are suitable for imaging leads to fundamental limitations in the ability to rapidly develop application-specific imaging modalities using terahertz sources. Herein, we show a novel method for the rapid prototyping of metallic coated poly-methacrylate parabolic reflectors fabricated by stereolithographic 3D printing. Images comparing the performance of a commercially available off-axis parabolic reflector to our metalized poly-methacrylate prototype, which was designed to be identical to the commercially available mirror, are subsequently presented. The images show that at 530 GHz it is possible to produce a metalized poly-methacrylate off-axis paraboloid whose spatial beam profile is nearly identical to that of a commercially available equivalent.


THz imaging Rapid prototyping 3D printing 



The authors would also like to thank Greg Caskey and the Center for Precision Metrology for their assistance.

Funding information

This study received financial support from the National Science Foundation (1624572) within the I/UCRC Center for Metamaterials, the Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems (2014-04712), and Department of Physics and Optical Science of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Optical ScienceUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering ScienceUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA
  3. 3.Space and Intelligence SystemsHarris CorporationPalm BayUSA
  4. 4.THz Materials Analysis Center, Department of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (IFM)Linköping UniversityLinköpingSweden

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