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An Ellipsometric Technique with an ATR Module and a Monochromatic Source of Radiation for Measurement of Optical Constants of Liquids in the Terahertz Range

  • Ivan A. Azarov
  • Yulia Yu. ChoporovaEmail author
  • Vasily A. Shvets
  • Boris A. Knyazev
Article
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Abstract

Measuring the optical constants of liquids, especially water-containing solutions, is very difficult in the terahertz range. The well-known methods of measurement of the refractive index and absorption coefficient in this range include time-domain spectroscopy and Fourier-transform spectrometry. We have developed a highly sensitive ellipsometry method for measuring the optical constants of liquids using the tunable monochromatic radiation from the Novosibirsk free-electron laser. The ellipsometer is supplemented with an internal reflection module for the measurement of highly absorbing samples. The angle of incidence on the sample in the silicon prism of the module has been optimized for maximum sensitivity to parameters to measure. Measurements of the optical constants of various liquids have been performed, and a sensitivity of 0.01 has been demonstrated.

Keywords

Internal reflection ellipsometry Terahertz range Aqueous solution Free electron laser 

Notes

Funding

Operation of the user station “TeraRad,” belonging to the Novosibirsk State University, was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. The experiments with the attenuated total reflection system was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project N 14-50-00080). The experiments were carried out with the application of equipment belonging to the Siberian Center of Synchrotron and Terahertz Radiation (project RFMEFI62117X0012). The authors are grateful to the NovoFEL team for the invaluable support of the experiments.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics of SB RAS and Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics NovosibirskNovosibirskRussian Federation
  3. 3.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia

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