Advertisement

The Historical Archaeology of the Jewish Stone Industry in the Twentieth Century-Migdal Zedek (MajdalYaba) as a Center of the Stone Industry

  • Avi (Avraham) SassonEmail author
Article
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Jewish entrepreneurs who identified the advantages of the regionof MajdalYaba, or Migdal Zedek,and its economic potential wanted to become part of the stone industry. There were various groups whose achievements in the stone and quicklime industry were unprecedented in Palestine. The groups of laborers, as well as the Zionist leadership, realized that in order to take full advantage of the possibilities of this industry, the work had to be done in communes that would settle and work at the site. That led to the establishment of a new type of settlement in the 1920s - a “quarriers village”.

Keywords

Jewish stone industry Limestone Limestone business Migdal Zedek Israel 

Notes

References

  1. "23 Group" File (n.d.). The file of The "23 Group" in Migdal Zedek, IV-235-2-112, the Mordechai Labon Archive of the Labor Movement.Google Scholar
  2. Alon Ha'Giva'a (1937). Kibbutz Givat Hashlosha Magazine, Givat Hashlosha Arcive (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  3. Bar-ner, R. and Buch, A. (eds.) (1995). The Yarkon Basin. Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  4. Dan, H. (1963). On the Unpaved Road: The Story of Solel Boneh. Schocken, Jerusalem and Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  5. Dan, H. (ed.) (1978). The Book of Klosova – A Kibbutz of Stone Quarriers Named after Joseph Trumpeldor in: Klosova and Its Work Groups, Anthology. Lohamei Hagetaot museum, Lohamei Hagetaot (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  6. Dror, Z. (1996). A General without Mannerisms: The Life tory of Itzhak Sadeh “the Old Man”. Hakibbutz Hameuchad, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  7. Dworakowska A. (1975). Quarries of Ancient Greece, Zaklad Narodowy im Ossolínskich, Warsaw.Google Scholar
  8. Dworakowska A. (1983). Quarries in Roman Provinces, Warsaw.Google Scholar
  9. Einat Archive (n.d.). The archive of Kibbutz Einat.Google Scholar
  10. Fant J.C. (1988). Ancient Marbel Quarrying and Trade. Oxford.Google Scholar
  11. Fant J. C. (1989). Cavun Antrum Phrygiae, the Organization and Operation of the Roman Imperial Marble Quarries in Phrygia. British Archaeological Reports, Oxford.Google Scholar
  12. Finkelstein, I. (1997). Geographic Units. In Finkelstein, I. and Lederman Z. (eds.), Highlands of Many Cultures, Tel-Aviv, pp. 103–108.Google Scholar
  13. Finn, J. (1878). Stirring Times or or Records from Jerusalem Consular Chronicles of 1853 to 1856. C. K. Paul, London.Google Scholar
  14. Gorfinkel M. Archive (n.d.) A private archive of the family of Menahem Gorfinkel (one of the entrepreneurs who developed the Migdal Tzedek site).Google Scholar
  15. Gross, N. (1999). Not by the Spirit Alone, Studies of the Economic History of the Land of Israel in Modern Times. Magnes, Jerusalem (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  16. Hilsenrath (2004) Interview with Yitzhak Hilsenrath, son-in-law of Asher Barlevy, who was the owner of quarries and furnaces in Migdal Zedek.Google Scholar
  17. JNF-(KKL) File 1 - (Jewish National Fund - “Keren Kayemeth Le Israel”), Section KKL5, 10159, 10160, Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  18. JNF (KKL) File 2 - (Jewish National Fund - “Keren Kayemeth Le Israel”), KKL File S9/2274, Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  19. Kark R. (1998). The Introduction of Modern Technology into the Holy Land (1800–1914 CE). Knapp, A. B., Pigott, V. C., and Herbert, E. W. (eds.) (1998). Social Approaches to an Industrial Past: The Archaeology and Anthropology of Mining. Routledge, London, pp. 524–541.Google Scholar
  20. King D. J. and Stager, L. E. (2001). Life in Biblical Israel. Westminster John Knox, Louisville, KY.Google Scholar
  21. Knapp, A. B. (2013). The Archaeology of Cyprus: From Earliest Prehistory through the Bronze Age. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  22. Kochavi, M. and Beit-Arye, Y. (1994). A map of Rosh Ha'ayin (78). Israel Antiquities Authority, Jerusalem (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  23. Oren, A. (1976). On the Way to the City, “Operation Danny”. Maarachot, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  24. Reicher, M. (1968). The Forward Outpost: Migdal Zedek in Work, in Guarding, in War. Neta House, Tel-Aviv, (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  25. Ringel (2004). Interview with Dvora (Dvorit) Ringel, Kibbutz Einat, Daughter of Tova Linick Who worked in Migdal Zedek, April 11, 2004.Google Scholar
  26. Rivlin, G. (1963). To the Fire and the Defense: The History of Jewish Watchmen. Maarachot, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  27. Rivlin, G. and Sinai, Z. (eds.) (1964). The Alexandroni Brigade in the War of Independence, Maarachot, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  28. Safrai, Z. (1994). The Economy of Roman Palestine. Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  29. Safrai, Z. and Sasson, A. (2001). Quarrying and Quarries in the Land of Israel, Jerusalem, Ariel. (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  30. Safran, Y. and Goren, T. (2013). Ice, cigarettes, stone and limestone. Et-Mol 227: 17–20 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  31. Sasson, A. (1990). The Production of Lime in Palestine during the Mishnaic and Talmudic Periods. Master's thesis, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  32. Sasson, A. (1995). The limestone industry in the Rosh Ha'ayin region throughout the generations. In Bar-Ner and Buch, The Yarkon Basin. Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, 52–57, 115–116, 134–135 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  33. Sasson, A. (2000). The lime-burning plant at the Ali Muntar Hill in Gaza. Bulletin of the Anglo-Israel Archaeological Society 18: 83–103.Google Scholar
  34. Sasson, A. (2001a). The unique nature of the limestone industry in Ein Gedi. Cathedra 99: 183–196 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  35. Sasson, A. (2001b). History of the limestone industry in Rosh Ha'ayin. In Shpanier, Y. and Sasson, A. Limestone Furnaces in the Land of Israel, Avshalom Institute, Tel-Aviv, 23–27 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  36. Sasson, A. (2002). Limestone production on the Carmel: the archaeological findings. Michmanim 16: 37–46 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  37. Sasson, A. (2008). Survey of Sites for Preservation in Rosh Ha'ayin. Foundation for the Study of the Coastal Plain, Ashkelon (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  38. Sasson, A. (2008b). Migdal Zedek, General Documentation: Archaeology and Heritage. Foundation for the Study of the Coastal Plain, Ashkelon (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  39. Sasson, A. (2010). The stone and limestone industry in the Modi'in area in modern times. Judea and Samaria Research 19: 169–184 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  40. Sasson, A. and Reich, R. (2007). The Furnace Park: An Open Museum for the Limestone Industry in Nahal Aneva, Modi'in. Foundation for the Study of the Coastal Plain, Ashkelon (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  41. Sasson, A., Sion, A., and Barda, L. (2012). Quarrying and Quarries in northern Jerusalem in the Second Temple Period. New Studies on Jerusalem 17: 265–276 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  42. Shackel, P. A. (2009). The Archaeology of American Labor and Working-Class Life. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.Google Scholar
  43. Shennan, S. (1998). Producing copper in the eastern Alps during the second millennium BCE. In Knapp, A. B., Pigott, V. C., and Herbert, E. W. (eds.) Social Approaches to an Industrial Past: The Archaeology and Anthropology of Mining. Routledge, London, pp. 191–204.Google Scholar
  44. Shilo, Y., and Horowitz, A. (1975). Ashlar quarries of the Iron age in the hill country of Israel. BASOR 217: 37–48.Google Scholar
  45. Shpanier, Y. and Sasson, A. (2001). Limestone Furnaces in the Land of Israel, Avshalom Institute, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  46. Shva, S. (1976). A Road in the Desert: The Story of Solel Boneh. Am Oved, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  47. Sion, O. and Sasson, A. (2003). The limestone industry in the Samarian plain. Judea and Samaria Research 12: 195–206 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  48. Sion, O., Sasson, A., Zilberbod, I., and Repuan, Y. (2011). A stone quarry from the Second Temple Period in the Shmuel Hanavi neighborhood of Jerusalem. Judea and Samaria Research Studies 20: 39–48 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  49. Slutzky, Y. (ed.) (1972). The history of the Haganah, Vol. 3. Maarachot, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  50. Sumaka’i-Fink, A. (2000). Quarries and quarring metods at Ramat Hanadiv, Hirschfeld Y. (ed.) Ramat Hanadiv Exavations: Final Report of the 1984–1998 Seasons, Jerusalem, pp. 628–636.Google Scholar
  51. Tsuk, T., Bordowicz, I., and Taxel, I. (2016). Majdal Yaba: the history and material culture of a fortified village in Late Ottoman and British Mandate. Journal of Islamic Archaeology 3.1: 37–88.Google Scholar
  52. Tzuk, T. (2006). Migdal Zedek. Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, Tel-Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  53. Van de Velde, C. W. M. (1854). Narrative of a Journey through Syria and Palestine un 1851 and 1852, Vol. I, William Blackwood, London.Google Scholar
  54. Village Files (n.d.). Majdal Sadak, Majdal Yaba, file for 1946-1947, Haganah archive, Tel Aviv (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  55. Ward-Perkins, J. B. (1971). Quarrying in antiquity: technology, tradition and social change. Proceedings of the British Academy 57: 137–158.Google Scholar
  56. Ward-Perkins J. B. (1992). Marble in Antiquity. British School at Rome, London.Google Scholar
  57. William, A. D. (1998). The mining camp as community, In Knapp, A. B., Pigott, V. C., and Herbert, E. W. (eds.) (1998). Social Approaches to an Industrial Past: The Archaeology and Anthropology of Mining. Routledge, London, pp. 97–108.Google Scholar
  58. Zameret, Z. (2009). Our voice in the rock will reverberate. Et-Mol 203: 26–29, 38–39 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  59. Zilberbod, I. and Sasson, A. (2009). A quarry at Ramat Shlomo in Jerusalem: the source of the building stones of the Second Temple. Judea and Samaria Research Studies 18: 139–153 (Hebrew).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Land of Israel Studies DepartmentAshkelon Academic CollegeAshkelonIsrael
  2. 2.Ashkelon Academic CollegeAshkelonIsrael

Personalised recommendations