Hyperfine Interactions

, 240:121 | Cite as

Metastable iron carbide thin films produced by pulsed laser deposition of iron in methane atmosphere

  • Takumi FunabashiEmail author
  • Yoshio Kobayashi
  • Yasuhiro Yamada
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME2019), 1-6 September 2019, Dalian, China


Metastable iron carbide thin films (χ-Fe5C2 and o-Fe7C3) were produced by pulsed laser deposition of Fe in a CH4 atmosphere, and their Mössbauer spectra and X-ray diffraction patterns were measured. Films consisting of amorphous Fe-C carbide were obtained when the substrate temperature was kept at 300 K during deposition, while crystalline films were produced for a substrate temperature of 573 K. The effect of CH4 pressure was investigated. Films produced below 4.0 Pa consisted of a combination of χ-Fe5C2 and α-Fe, and single-phase carbide films were produced at higher pressure: pure χ-Fe5C2 and o-Fe7C3 films were produced at 4.0 and 6.0 Pa, respectively. At 13 Pa, a film was produced consisting of o-Fe7C3 and paramagnetic amorphous Fe-C containing a large amount of C atoms. The film produced at the highest pressure of 40 Pa consisted solely of paramagnetic amorphous Fe-C.


Iron carbide Thin films Pulsed laser deposition Mössbauer spectroscopy 



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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryTokyo University of ScienceTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Informatics and EngineeringThe University of Electro-CommunicationsTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based ScienceRIKENSaitamaJapan

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