Hyperfine Interactions

, 240:75 | Cite as

Development of 166Er Mössbauer spectroscopy in KURNS

  • Shin NakamuraEmail author
  • Hiroko Yokota
  • Shinji Kitao
  • Yasuhiro Kobayashi
  • Makina Saito
  • Ryo Masuda
  • Makoto Seto
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Proceedings of the 5th Mediterranean Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (MECAME 2019) and 41st Workshop of the French-speaking Group of Mössbauer Spectroscopy (GFSM 2019), Montpellier, France, 19-23 May 2019


We have newly developed 166Er Mössbauer spectroscopy in Institute for Integrated Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University (KURNS). As 166Ho radioactive source, HoAl2 was used. The compound was irradiated in the nuclear reactor (1 MW) for 5 min. The source has the intensity of 19 MBq and the half-life of 26.8 h. It is our privilege to conduct measurement immediately after the preparation of the radioactive source, since the spectroscopic equipment is situated just next to the reactor. The spectra of three typical Er oxides, Er2O3, ErFeO3, and ErMnO3 were measured at 40 K. On the basis of the calculated asymmetry parameter η and the evaluated sign of the quadrupole coupling constant e2qQ/2 from the structure parameters, we have successfully analyzed the spectra by using the quadrupole Hamiltonian assuming the transmission integral line shapes. The 166Er Mössbauer parameters, isomer shift IS, e2qQ/2, and line width W were obtained for the three specimens.


166Er Mössbauer spectroscopy Quadrupole Hamiltonian Quadrupole interaction Er2O3 ErFeO3 ErMnO3 



This work has been carried out in part under the Visiting Researchers Program of the Institute for Integrated Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University (KURNS).


  1. 1.
    Iguchi, H., Kitao, S., Seto, M., Takaishi, S., Yamashita, M.: Predominance of covalency in water-vapor-responsive MMX-type chain complexes revealed by 129I Mössbauer spectroscopy. Dalton Trans. 43, 8767–8773 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Negishi, Y., Kurashige, W., Kobayashi, Y., Yamazoe, S., Kojima, N., Seto, M., Tsukuda, T.: Formation of a Pd@Au12 Superatomic Core in Au24Pd1(SC12H25)18 Probed by 197Au Mössbauer and Pd K-Edge EXAFS Spectroscopy. J Phys Chem Lett. 4, 3579–3583 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cadogan, J.M., Ryan, D.H.: An Overview of 166Er, 169 Tm and 170Yb Mössbauer Spectroscopy. Hyperfine Interact. 153, 25–41 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zinn, W., Wiedeman, W.: Mössbauer‐Effect Study of Erbium Spin Relaxation in Magnetically Ordered Compounds. J Appl Phys. 39, 839–841 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Viccaro, P.J., Shenoy, G.K., Dunlap, B.D., Westlake, D.G., Miller, J.F.: Electronic and Structural Studies of the Hydrides of ErFe2 from 57Fe and 166Er Mössbauer Spectroscopy. J Phys Colloq. 40, C2-198-C2-201 (1979)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shenoy, G.K., Dunlap, B.D., Westlakeet, D.G.: Crystal field and magnetic properties of ErH2. Phys Rev B. 14, 41–46 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nowik, I., Wickman, H.H.: Relaxation Phenomena in Mössbauer Spectra of Magnetically Ordered Erbium Ions in ErFeO3. Phys Rev Lett. 17, 949–951 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Erbschütz, M., Cohen, R.I., West, K.W.: Mössbauer Effect of Er166 in Erbium Orthochromite. Phys Rev. 178, 572–575 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yokota, H., Nozue, T., Nakamura, S., Hojo, H., Fukunaga, M., Janolin, P.-E., Kiat, J.-M., Fuwa, A.: Ferroelectricity and weak ferromagnetism of hexagonal ErFeO3 thin films. Phys Rev B. 92, 054101 (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yokota, H., Nozue, T., Nakamura, S., Fukunaga, M., Fuwa, A.: Examination of ferroelectric and magnetic properties of hexagonal ErFeO3 thin films. Jpn J Appl Phys. 54, 10NA10 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Moon, R.M., Koehler, W.C., Child, H.R., Raubenheimer, L.J.: Magnetic Structures of Er2O3 and Yb2O3. Phys Rev. 176, 722–731 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Marezio, M., Remeika, J.P., Dernier, P.D.: The crystal chemistry of the rare earth orthoferrites. Acta Cryst B. 26, 2008–2022 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Van Aken, B.B., Meetsma, A., Palstra, T.T.M.: Hexagonal ErMnO3. Acta Cryst E57. i38-i40 (2001)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sugie, H., Iwata, N., Kohn, K.: Magnetic Ordering of Rare Earth Ions and Magnetic-Electric Interaction of Hexagonal RMnO3 (R=Ho, Er, Yb or Lu). J Phys Soc Jpn. 71, 1558–1564 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sahu, J.R., Ghosh, A., Sundaresan, A., Rao, C.N.R.: Multiferroic properties of ErMnO3. Mater Res Bull. 44, 2123–2126 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Münck, E., Quitmann, D., Hüfner, S.: Die Faktoren der 2+-Rotationszustände in Er166 und Er168. Z Naturforsch a. 21, 847–848 (1966)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schelp, W., Leson, A., Drewes, W., Purwins, H.-G., Grimm, H.: Magnetization and magnetic excitations in HoAl2. Z Phys B. 51, 41–47 (1983)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Buschow, K.H.J.: Intermetallic compounds of rare earths and non-magnetic metals. Rep Prog Phys. 42, 1373–1477 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Patra, M., Majumdar, S., Giri, S., Xiao, Y., Chatterji, T.: Magnetic, magnetocaloric and magnetoresistive properties of cubic Laves phase HoAl2 single crystal. J Phys Condens Matter. 26, 046004 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    de Oliceira, N.A., von Ranke, P. J.: Magn etocaloric effect in the Laves phase pseudobinaries (Dy1-cRcAl2 (R = Er and Ho) P. J, J Mag Mag Mater. 320, 386–392 (2008)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sen, K.D., Schhmidt, P.C., Weiss, A.: Sternheimer Antishielding Functions ß(r) and g(r) for Rare Earth Atoms. Z Naturforsch a. 41, 37–46 (1986)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lupascu, D., Bartos, A., Lieb, K.P., Uhrmacher, M.: Precision PAC measurements in Er2O3 and Ho2O3 single crystals and structure refinement. Z Phys B. 93, 441–447 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cohen, R.L., Wernick, J.H.: Nuclear Hyperfine Structure in Er166. Phys Rev. 134, B503–B505 (1964)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sternheimer, R.M.: Shielding and Antishielding Effects for Various Ions and Atomic Systems. Phys Rev. 146, 140–160 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang, J., Takahashi, M., Takeda, M.: Crystal Structures and 166Er Mössbauer Spectra for Someβ-Diketonatoerbium(III) Complexes. Bull Chem Soc Jpn. 75, 735–740 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Science and EngineeringTeikyo UniversityUtsunomiyaJapan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsChiba UniversityChibaJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Integrated Radiation and Nuclear ScienceKyoto UniversityOsakaJapan

Personalised recommendations