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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 830, Issue 1, pp 115–134 | Cite as

Predicting the dynamics of taxonomic and functional phytoplankton compositions in different global warming scenarios

  • Karine Borges MachadoEmail author
  • Ludgero Cardoso Galli Vieira
  • João Carlos Nabout
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

It is important to predict how phytoplankton will respond to global warming, as changes in their composition can affect ecosystem functions. We evaluated the effect of water warming on the taxonomic and functional composition of phytoplankton and on chemical characteristics that affect their occurrence, such as dissolved oxygen, pH and conductivity. Microcosms were constructed outdoors and monitored over time. The temperature was manipulated to simulate different scenarios predicted for the future. Warming caused a reduction in dissolved oxygen, while the pH and conductivity remained unchanged. We found a joint effect of temperature and time on chlorophyll-a as well as on the species and functional groups. The substitution of species and groups occurred in a similar way between treatments. However, a greater number of Cyanophyceae individuals were found at higher temperatures, while Bacillariophyceae and Euglenophyceae species were found more commonly in the lower warming treatments. These results indicate that warming altered the taxonomic and functional composition of phytoplankton, causing species substitution as well as a change in their functional characteristics, which led to the predominance of small organisms. Thus, contribute to predicting how an increase in temperature might alter the patterns of dominance, homogenization and community dynamics in future warming scenarios.

Keywords

Climate change Microcosm Microorganisms Temperature 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior–Brasil (CAPES)–Finance Code 001. JCN thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) by research productivity grant. This paper is developed in the context of National Institutes for Science and Technology (INCT) in Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity Conservation, supported by MCTIC/CNpq (proc. 465610/2014-5) and Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEG). We thank the colleagues at the Laboratory of Biogeography and Aquatic Ecology of the Goiás State University for help in construction and filling microcosms.

Supplementary material

10750_2018_3858_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (797 kb)
Supplementary File 1 (PDF 797 kb)
10750_2018_3858_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (183 kb)
Supplementary File 2 (XLSX 184 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karine Borges Machado
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ludgero Cardoso Galli Vieira
    • 2
  • João Carlos Nabout
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal de GoiásGoiâniaBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade de Brasília (UnB)PlanaltinaBrazil
  3. 3.Universidade Estadual de GoiásAnápolisBrazil

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