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Extreme drought events can promote homogenization of benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages in a floodplain pond in Brazil

  • Ana Paula dos Santos Bertoncin
  • Gisele Daiane Pinha
  • Matheus Tenório Baumgartner
  • Roger Paulo Mormul
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

Extreme weathers tend to become frequent following global warming and may promote important changes in species composition. We used benthic macroinvertebrates to test the hypothesis that extreme drought events could lead to local biotic homogenization in a floodplain pond. We took sediment samples in three sampling areas of a floodplain pond during a period of the usual hydrological cycle and during an extreme weather event that caused an atypical hydrological cycle with prolonged drought period. We found that community composition significantly differs between usual hydrological cycle and extreme drought periods, in which only species adapted to unfavorable environmental conditions remained. The spatial beta diversity decreased during the extreme drought periods, presenting lower variability compared to the usual hydrological cycle. However, species density, richness, and diversity increased during the droughts. We expect that, in scenarios of climate change with frequent extreme weathers, droughts may cause permanent negative impacts on aquatic communities, leading to biotic homogenization. Moreover, our findings indicate that prolonged droughts could increase the time needed to community recovery, suggesting lower community resilience to environmental stressors. Therefore, increasing frequency of extreme drought events may result in an alternative community structure.

Keywords

Biotic similarity Beta diversity Species turnover Floodplain Resilience Climate changes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) and the former Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia (MCT) for financial support to the project “Pesquisas Ecológicas de Longa Duração – PELD,” from which data were obtained. ASB and MTB thank the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for the scholarship provided. GDP also thank CNPq for the scholarship. RPM thanks CNPq for the productivity grant. We also thank the physics and chemistry laboratory of Nupelia for providing water quality data.

Supplementary material

10750_2018_3756_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (11 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 11 kb). Online Resource 1—Classification of higher taxonomic groups and Chironomidae morphospecies according to their resistance to adverse environmental conditions
10750_2018_3756_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (119 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 118 kb). Online Resource 2—Temporal trends of density, taxa richness, and Shannon diversity of organisms
10750_2018_3756_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (97 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 96 kb). Online Resource 3—Temporal trends in average distance to centroid of the Raup-Crick distances (temporal variation of spatial beta diversity) in the reference (R1 = jun/13; R2 = sep/13; R3 = dec/13; R4 = mar/14) and prolonged drought periods (P1 = jun/14; P2 = dec/14; P3 = mar/15; P4 = jun/15; P5 = sep/15)
10750_2018_3756_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (84 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 83 kb). Online Resource 4—Temporal trends of densities of organisms according to their resistance to adverse environmental conditions

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018
corrected publication October 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Paula dos Santos Bertoncin
    • 1
  • Gisele Daiane Pinha
    • 1
  • Matheus Tenório Baumgartner
    • 1
  • Roger Paulo Mormul
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia de Ambientes Aquáticos Continentais (PEA) Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM)MaringáBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Biologia (DBI), Centro de Ciências Biológicas (CCB)Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM)MaringáBrazil

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