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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 831, Issue 1, pp 149–161 | Cite as

Cyanobacteria dominance drives zooplankton functional dispersion

  • Iollanda I. P. JosuéEmail author
  • Simone J. Cardoso
  • Marcela Miranda
  • Maíra Mucci
  • Kemal Ali Ger
  • Fabio Roland
  • Marcelo Manzi Marinho
PHYTOPLANKTON & BIOTIC INTERACTIONS
  • 159 Downloads

Abstract

Accelerated eutrophication reduces water quality and shifts plankton communities. However, its effects on the aquatic food web and ecosystem functions remain poorly understood. Within this context, functional ecology can provide valuable links relating community traits to ecosystem functioning. In this study, we assessed the effects of eutrophication and cyanobacteria blooms on zooplankton functional diversity in a tropical hypereutrophic lake. Phytoplankton and zooplankton communities and limnological characteristics of a tropical Brazilian Lake (Southeast, Brazil) were monitored monthly from April 2013 to October 2014. Lake eutrophication indicators were total phosphorus, total chlorophyll-a, and chlorophyll-a per group (blue, green, and brown). The variation of major phytoplankton taxonomic group biomass was calculated and used as a proxy for changes in phytoplankton composition. Zooplankton functional diversity was assessed through functional dispersion and the community-weighted mean trait value. Regressions were performed between the lake eutrophication indicators, the phytoplankton biomass variation, and zooplankton functional dispersion. Our results suggest that eutrophication and cyanobacterial dominance change the composition of zooplankton traits and reduce functional dispersion, leading to zooplankton niche overlap. These findings are important because they provide a meaningful view of phytoplankton-zooplankton trophic interactions and contribute to an improved understanding their functional effects on aquatic ecosystems.

Keywords

Plankton Freshwater Biodiversity Eutrophication Microbial food quality 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Museu Mariano Procópio staff and Felipe Siqueira Pacheco for fieldwork support. This work was supported by Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) (fellowships to IIPJ and SJC) and the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) (473141/2013-2 to FR).

Supplementary material

10750_2018_3710_MOESM1_ESM.docx (20 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iollanda I. P. Josué
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Simone J. Cardoso
    • 2
  • Marcela Miranda
    • 2
  • Maíra Mucci
    • 3
  • Kemal Ali Ger
    • 4
  • Fabio Roland
    • 2
  • Marcelo Manzi Marinho
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratory of Limnology, Department of Ecology, Institute of BiologyFederal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Institute of BiologyFederal University of Juiz de ForaJuiz de ForaBrazil
  3. 3.Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Department of Environmental SciencesWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Center for BiosciencesFederal University of Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  5. 5.Laboratory of Ecology and Physiology of Phytoplankton, Department of Plant BiologyUniversity of Rio de Janeiro StateRio de JaneiroBrazil

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