Human Ecology

, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 733–746 | Cite as

Wild Meat Trade and Consumption in the Central Amazon, Brazil

  • Willandia A. ChavesEmail author
  • Martha C. Monroe
  • Kathryn E. Sieving


Many factors drive wildlife hunting and consumption, including source of income, taste preference, culture, lack of alternative meat, meat price, and wealth, and the relative importance of these factors may vary from place to place. We describe three aspects of wild meat consumption and trade in the town of Tapauá, central Amazon, Brazil: (1) factors associated with consumption of wild and domesticated meats; (2) consumers’ knowledge of and attitude toward wildlife, preference for meat, and perceptions about changes in wild and domesticated meat consumption; and (3) patterns of wildlife trade. We found that preference, price, wealth, and occupation were associated with meat consumption. Social links played an important role in local trade. Decreasing price and diversifying domesticated meat alternatives may lead to a decrease in wild meat consumption, if alternatives function as substitutes. Outreach could improve understanding of wildlife ecology and conservation and encourage reduction in wild meat consumption while retaining local culture. Fostering alternative livelihoods for hunters could help reduce hunting pressure.


Wild meat trade River turtles Meat consumption Tapauá Central Amazon Brazil 



We thank N. Markstein, F. Silva, M. Costa, F. Alves, M. Bias, R. Freitas, and A. Santos for help with data collection and P. Coward for help with data management. We thank M.C.M. and K.E.S. lab members for helpful insights. We also thank B. Sadowsky for help with design of this research. This research was funded by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Wildlife Without Borders – Latin American and the Caribbean Program) and Idea Wild. Instituto Piagaçu, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), and WCS-Brazil provided in-kind support. School of Natural Resources and Environment, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, Grinter Fellowship Program [University of Florida], and Dexter Fellowship Program in Tropical Conservation Biology supported W.A.C.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The protocol for this research was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of Florida (protocol 2012-U-677).

Supplementary material

10745_2019_107_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 17 kb)
10745_2019_107_MOESM2_ESM.docx (36 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 36 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Natural Resources and EnvironmentUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Wildlife Ecology and ConservationUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Instituto PiagaçuManausBrazil
  4. 4.Woodrow Wilson School of Public & International AffairsPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  5. 5.School of Forest Resources and ConservationUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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