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Human Ecology

, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 923–931 | Cite as

Resilience and the Dynamic Use of Biodiversity in a Bribri Community of Costa Rica

  • Mariana RodríguezEmail author
  • Iain J. Davidson-Hunt
Article
  • 80 Downloads

Introduction

In biological conservation, the total number of species in a defined area is a measure of biodiversity richness (Deheuvels et al. 2014). Tracking richness indicates whether there is a change in biodiversity within an area over time from a defined baseline at a point in time. While there is some debate in the literature, new species that enter an area are considered invasive so that change in the richness of biodiversity can only be framed as decline. Many studies have documented a decline in the richness of biodiversity used within Indigenous territories worldwide (Cardinale et al. 2012) and specifically in home gardens (Bisseleua et al. 2009), farms (Ruf 2011), and forests (Guèze et al. 2015). Such studies suggest that this decline is due to cultural changes resulting from the integration of Indigenous peoples into market economies and associated interactions with outsiders (García-Serrano and Del-Monte 2004). Recently, this decline in richness of biodiversity use has...

Keywords

Biodiversity richness Bribri indigenous people Livelihoods Social-ecological systems Resilience 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank our Bribri colleagues, who shared their knowledge and supported this research. Thank you to Alí García who helped with the Bribri names of the plant and animal species reported in this paper.

Funding

This work was carried out with the aid of a Doctoral Fellowship awarded to Rodríguez from the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (Grant number 209590), by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Awards 435–2015-1478 and 410–2010-1817 (PI Davidson-Hunt), and by and the Canada Research Chairs program (Berkes).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

This research was undertaken with the agreement of the Bribri local authority “Asociación de Desarrollo Integral del Territorio Indígena Bribri” (Development Association of the Indigenous Territory Bribri; Costa Rica) and ethics approval from the Joint Faculty Research Ethics Board of the University of Manitoba.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10745_2018_33_MOESM1_ESM.docx (46 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 46 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Natural Resources InstituteUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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