Advertisement

Husserl Studies

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 97–116 | Cite as

On Husserl’s Exhibition Principle

  • Andrea MarchesiEmail author
Article

Abstract

According to Husserl’s so-called Exhibition Principle (Prinzip der Ausweisbarkeit; henceforth: EP), the propositions “x exists” and “The exhibition of x’s existence is possible” are equivalent. The overall aim of this paper is to debate EP. First, I raise the question whether EP can properly be said to be a principle. Second, I give a general formulation of EP. Third, I examine specific formulations of EP, namely those regarding eidetic and individual objects. Fourth, I identify the readings of EP I hold to be exegetically plausible, that is the transcendental reading, the metaphysical reading, and the hybrid reading. Fifth, I present Husserl’s refutation of Berkeleyan idealism developed in 1902/03 lectures, and I argue that under certain assumptions, both esse est percipi and the metaphysical EP engender an infinite regress. In this regard, I claim there are two options for avoiding such a regress: either to commit oneself to reflexive exhibition of the ego’s actuality or to deny the universality of EP. I show that Husserl has a good argument for rejecting the first option, and I conclude that if the Husserlian idealist chooses the second option while affirming the ego’s actuality, he turns out to be as “dogmatic” as the realist.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper is a reworked version of the final chapter of my Ph.D. Dissertation (Sapienza University of Rome, 27 February 2017). It was presented at the workshop Phenomenology of Action and Volition (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague) on 23 May 2018. I’d like to thank Stefano Bancalari, Emanuela Carta, Christopher Erhard, Guillaume Fréchette, Robin Rollinger, Hamid Tayeb and the anonymous referees of this journal for their comments. Part of this work was funded by the Ernst Mach Grant weltweit (ICM-2017-06528).

References

  1. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1978). Epistemology and semiotics. In K. Ajdukiewicz, The scientific world-perspective and other essays 19311963 (pp. 182–191). Dordrecht: Reidel.Google Scholar
  2. Becker, O. (1927). Mathematische Existenz. Jahrbuch für Philosophie und phänomenologische Forschung, 8, 439–809.Google Scholar
  3. Bernet, R. (2004). Husserl’s transcendental idealism revisited. The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy, 4, 1–20.Google Scholar
  4. Chrudzimski, A. (2016). Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz on transcendental idealism from a semantic point of view. Studies in East European Thought, 68(1), 63–74.Google Scholar
  5. Hua III. Husserl, E. (1976). Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und einer phänomenologischen Philosophie, Erstes Buch. Allgemeine Einführung in die reine Phänomenologie. K. Schuhmann (Ed.). Nijhoff: Den Haag.Google Scholar
  6. Hua IV. Husserl, E. (1991). Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und einer Phänomenologischen Philosophie, Zweites Buch. Phänomenologische Untersuchungen zur Konstitution. M. Biemel (Ed.). Nijhoff: Den Haag.Google Scholar
  7. Hua Mat. III. Husserl, E. (2001). Allgemeine Erkenntnistheorie. Vorlesung 1902/03. E. Schuhmann (Ed.). Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  8. Hua XIX. Husserl, E. (1984). Logische Untersuchungen. Zweiter Band: Untersuchungen zur Phänomenologie und Theorie der Erkenntnis. U. Panzer (Ed.). Nijhoff: Den Haag.Google Scholar
  9. Hua XVI. Husserl, E. (1973). Ding und Raum. Vorlesungen 1907. U. Clæsges (Ed.). Nijhoff: Den Haag.Google Scholar
  10. Hua XX/1. Husserl, E. (2001). Logische Untersuchungen. Ergänzungsband. Erster Teil. Entwürfe zur Umarbeitung der VI. Untersuchung und zur Vorrede für die Neuafulage der Logischen Untersuchungen (Sommer 1913). U. Melle (Ed.). Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  11. Hua XXXVI. Husserl, E. (2003). Transzendentaler Idealismus. Texte aus dem Nachlass (1908-1921). R. Rollinger and R. Sowa (Eds.). Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  12. Ingarden, R. (1999). Einführung in Edmund Husserls Phänomenologie. Osloer Vorlesungen. Tübingen: Niemeyer.Google Scholar
  13. Mancosu, P. (2014). The adventure of reason: Interplay between philosophy of mathematics and mathematical logic, 1900-1940. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Marbach, E. (1974). Das Problem des Ich in der Phänomenologie Husserls. The Hague: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  15. Marchesi, A. (2018). Husserl’s early theory of intentionality as a relational theory. Grazer Philosophische Studien, 95, 343–367.Google Scholar
  16. Meixner, U. (2010). Husserls transzendentaler Idealismus als Supervenienzthese. Ein interner Idealismus. In M. Frank and N. Weidtmann (Eds.), Husserl und die Philosophie des Geistes (pp. 178–208). Berlin: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  17. Meixner, U. (2014). Defending Husserl. A plea in the case of Wittgenstein & Company versus phenomenology. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter.Google Scholar
  18. Melle, U. (1983). Das Wahrnehmungsproblem und seine Verwandlung in phänomenologischer Einstellung. Untersuchungen zu den phänomenologischen Wahrnehmungstheorien von Husserl, Gurwitsch und Merleau-Ponty. The Hague: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  19. Melle, U. (2010). Husserl Beweis für den transzendentalen Idealismus. In C. Ierna, H. Jacobs, and F. Mattens (Eds.), Philosophy, phenomenology, sciences. Essays in commemoration of Edmund Husserl (pp. 93–106). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. Mohanty, J. (1984). Husserl on “possibility”. Husserl Studies, 1, 13–29.Google Scholar
  21. Rang, B. (1973). Kausalität und Motivation. Untersuchungen zum Verhältnis von Perspektivität und Objektivität in der Phänomenologie Edmund Husserls. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  22. Rizzoli, L. (2008). Erkenntnis und Reduktion. Die operative Entfaltung der Phänomenologischen Reduktion im Denken Edmund Husserls. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  23. Rollinger, R., and Sowa, R. (2003). Einleitung. In E. Husserl, Transzendentaler Idealismus. Texte aus dem Nachlass (1908-1921) (pp. IX–XXXVI). Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  24. Schuhmann, E. (2001). Einleitung der Herausgeberin. In E. Husserl, Allgemeine Erkenntnistheorie. Vorlesung 1902/03 (pp. VII–XVII). Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  25. Tengelyi, L. (2010). Der methodologische Transzendentalismus der Phänomenologie. In C. Ierna, H. Jacobs, and F. Mattens (Eds.), Philosophy, phenomenology, sciences. Essays in commemoration of Edmund Husserl (pp. 135–153). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  26. Tieszen, R. (2008). The intersection of intuitionism (Brouwer) and phenomenology (Husserl). In M. van Atten, P. Boldini, M. Bourdeau, and G. Heinzmann (Eds.), One hundred years of intuitionism (1907–2007): The Cerisy conference (pp. 78–95). Basel/Boston/Berlin: Birkhäuser.Google Scholar
  27. Zahavi, D. (2017). Husserl’s legacy. Phenomenology, metaphysics, and transcendental philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations