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Multimodality imaging predictors of sudden cardiac death

  • Fancesco Bandera
  • Lilit BaghdasaryanEmail author
  • Giulia Elena Mandoli
  • Matteo Cameli
Article

Abstract

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the worst clinical event occurring in the clinical context of cardiomyopathies. Current guidelines recommend using LV ejection fraction as the only imaging-derived parameter to identify patients who may benefit from ICD implantation in cardiomyopathies with reduced ejection fraction; however, a relevant proportion of high-risk population is left with unmet therapeutic goal. In case of dilated, hypertrophic, or arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathies, there is still a room for more sensitive and specific risk markers for identifying a cluster at higher risk of SCD. In this paper, we reviewed the evidence supporting the use of advanced echocardiography, CMR, and nuclear cardiology for SCD stratification in patients with the most common cardiomyopathies. The added value of these modalities may be explained on the basis of tissue characterization, especially scar detection, a central player in the pathogenesis of arrhythmias. Therefore, integration of these modalities to our everyday clinical practice may help in dealing with the gray zones where current guidelines are still ineffective for patient selection.

Keywords

Sudden cardiac death Multimodality imaging Cardiomyopathy Hypertrophic Arrhythmogenic Dilated Global longitudinal strain Cardiac magnetic resonance Nuclear imaging 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Lilit Baghdasaryan acknowledges funding received from the European Society of Cardiology in form of an ESC Training Grant.

Funding information

No funding for this article.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. Lilit Baghdasaryan has received an educational grant from Servier to attend the “Heart Failure Postgraduate Course London 2019/2020.” Francesco Bandera, Giulia Elena Mandoli, and Matteo Cameli declare that they have no disclosures.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Sciences for HealthUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of University CardiologyIRCCS Policlinico San DonatoSan Donato MilaneseItaly
  3. 3.Department of CardiologyHammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS TrustLondonUK
  4. 4.Department of Cardiovascular DiseasesUniversity of SienaSienaItaly

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